The paper "An Analysis of Fire Risk Assessment and Planning within Buildings in the City" is a good example of a report on engineering and construction. Different buildings in a certain city have different risk assessment plans according to the design of the buildings and the capacity of people the building can handle. The purpose of the building is used for can also dictate the type of risk management and assessment that is to be used to evaluate the building. The study hence tries to uncover and evaluate the effectiveness of the various risk assessment plans in the different buildings within a city.
The risk assessment plans are not static but change with different legislations and in tune with the increase of risks. For example, when the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 introduced, there was the abolition of fire certificates and in its place, the job of evaluating was to be done by a professional and completing the fire assessments. The importance of a risk assessment plan All buildings have very many factors and probable causes of fires. Buildings have electric connections and circuiting that if not well installed or maintained can cause big fires due do short-circuiting or other electric faults.
Most of the electric fires usually end up with disastrous results because water cannot be used to extinguish them. An example of a case of lethal electric fires was on the MGM Grand casino and hotel in Las Vegas, USA which apart from destroying property worth millions, also caused a number of deaths. There are also other causes of fires in a building like unchecked leakages of gas or spilling of flammable products, which can also cause these fires.
With a proper fire risk management plan, the handling of these lethal flammable products can be effective to prevent any accident. In the event of a fire in a building, proper escape routes should be well maintained and labeled to prevent deaths. In most fires, people do not die from the actual fires but from the inhalation of smoke hence, this smoke should have effective exit points. Fire risk management also makes sure that fire-warning system installations are present and fire extinguishers are in good working conditions and installed in the right places and in the right numbers. Having an effective fire risk assessment plan This is an organized effort to determine the types of fire risks in a building and ways to prevent them from ever occurring.
They include many aspects of planning because each building has its own risks and unique solutions. The assessment that is first done should include a complete survey of the site with the location and the neighboring obstacles taken into consideration. The next step is the complete review of the existing plans and the making of recommendations from these findings.
The assessment plan should include the elimination or containment of the various ignition points within the building that also includes the management of hazardous and dangerous materials. The next step is the education of the occupants of the buildings on the various actions in case a fire accident was to occur which should also include how to handle minor fires and avoid them spreading. The other plan should include the usage of fire fighting equipment and knowing where their installation location places are.
They should be installed in the public places that are easy to access to every member of the building. The installation of proper fire detection systems like smoke detectors should also be done and then tested to ensure they are in good working order. The final step is the hanging of proper signs in the fire escape routes and the location of fire extinguishers, which is instrumental in reducing fire risks. The signs are supposed to be illuminator coated to enable them to be visible in case of a blackout during a fire case.
Enough trained fire marshals should be available in the building to assist in the evacuation and the containment of the fire before the firefighters arrive. The fire marshals should also be responsible for headcounts at the fire assembly points (UCL fire safety and management – fire risk assessment Policy 2008).
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