The paper "Language and Power in Relation to Gender and Sexuality" is a perfect example of a report on gender and sexual studies. Discourses into the inherent relationship between language and power have been ongoing for a long time. Different scholars have made extensive attempts to interrelate these variables both at the individual and collective levels as well as proposing diverse definitions for these two concepts in various disciplines of academia. However, for the purposes of this analysis, language is perceived as the system of communication, both in writing and speech which is used by persons of a specific country or area (Oxford advanced learners dictionary, 2011).
On the other hand, power has been defined as the ability which is embedded in its holder to obtain obedience or compliance of other collectives or individuals to their will (Thomas et. al, 2004). In addition, developments in recent decades have seen the linkage of both of the above concepts mentioned above with the concepts of gender and sexuality. This has tended to elicit antagonistic schools of thought in regard to how language is used by either gender for various purposes.
This fact is supported whereby different scholars, for instance, Herring (1993), Brownlow, Rosamon, & Parker (2003) and Colley et al. , (2004) among others have had a consensus in their findings which have proposed that when women are juxtaposed with men, women are more bound to use verbal interactions for social reasons, for instance, in aspects like cooking, dresses, home and children and in this case, verbal communication is perceived as serving as an end in themselves. On the other hand, men tend to use language in their communications for instrumental reasons in the convergence of information related to issues like sports. Nonetheless, there is another school of thought with major proponents like Bradley (1981) and Weatherall (2002) which has argued against any intrinsic and meaningful differences between the utility of language between both genders. All these discourses point to the sensitive nature in regard to the relationship between language and power with gender and sexuality.
Against this background, this paper is a profound effort to give an objective analysis of the context of the interrelation between these concepts.
Thus, this analysis will focus on the utility of language in regard to gender relations and political power, medical power, and media power among other fields. However, it is imperative to first differentiate the definitions of gender and sexuality which have been subjected to synonymous utility in different areas. Definition of terms According to the definitions proposed by the American Psychological Association (2011), sexuality which is related to sex refers to the biological status of an individual which culminates in the categorization of male, female, or intersex. Thus, this is embedded in the typical features which distinguish between female and male, for instance, internal reproductive organs and external genitalia. On the other hand, gender refers to the behaviors, attitude, and feelings which are given cultural associations in regard to one’ s biological sex.
Thus, whereas sexuality is constant, gender is related to dynamic concepts like gender roles and it is mostly acquired through socialization and cultural orientations (American Psychological Association, 2011).