The paper "Background, Assessment and Likely Respondents on the Japanese Whaling Issue" is a good example of a report on history. For over 1000, whaling has been an important part of Japanese society (Hiroyuki, 2009). In recent years, whaling activity in Japan has met opposition from countries and organizations. Whaling in Japan can be traced back to the 7nth century. In the oldest Japanese book called the Kojiki, it is chronicled that the first empire of Japan, Empire Jammu ate whale meat. For a long time in history, Japanese people obtained oil, food, and other materials from whales.
According to the Japanese famous saying, “ there’ s nothing to throw away from a whale except it voice” it is clear that the Japanese obtain a lot of resources from whales. In the past, the Japanese used to drive whale into the net, harpoon them repeatedly, and dispatch them using a long sword or a wooden plug is driven in the blowhole. At the beginning of the 20th century, Japanese whaling activity saw a major improvement. This was because of the introduction of steamships that had grenade-tripped harpoon guns.
In 1994, Japan extends its whaling practice to the Antarctic. Whales were the main source of food to the Japanese people during and after world war two. In 1947, almost half of the animal proteins consumed in japan were from whale meat. For twenty years, whale meat made about a quarter of the food consumed in Japan. One of the main reasons why Japan has continued to hunt whales is because of its history and culture. An attempt to stop the act is seen as a threat to the culture of Japanese people.
Japan has done research on whales for the past two decades and it found out that they can be hunt sustainably for a long period. In 1986, the international whaling committee (IWC) banned commercial whaling in Japan even though the country continued killing whale in the name of research. It is very likely that Japan will commence hunting whales in the southern ocean regardless of the international whaling commission finding this as a violation of the international ban on commercial whaling. This will happen even after the international court of justice ordered them to stop whaling.
The Japanese claim that the study they did on whales for the last two decades shows that whale can be hunted sustainably for the long-term. Japan plans to commence whaling in the Antarctic later in 2015. According to Tokyo’ s revised proposal for the upcoming whaling season, japan plans to hunt 333 minke whales each year. This will take place between 2015 and 2027. This number has reduced to one-third of the previously proposed target. This because of the decline in domestic demand for whale meat (IFAW, 2015). The recommencing of whale hunting in Antarctica will face a lot of opposition.
The International Whaling Committee (IWC) rejected Japan’ s revised program on whale hunting in the Antarctic. It said that the program did not have enough information for the committee to allow japan to commence hunting whales. Japan had presented two reasons why it should be allowed to kill the whale. Firstly, it wanted to calculate the size of the whales' population required for commercial hunting. Secondly, it wanted to gain a better understanding of the Antarctic marine ecosystem.
ICJ ruled that whales in Antarctica should not be hunted for commercial purposes. Environmental campaigners supported the ruling made by the international whaling committee on the issue.