The paper “ Brazilian Environmental Issues and Political Counter Actions» is a worthy variant on a report on environmental studies. Despite the fact that Brazil has a diverse and complex geography, like any other country in the world, it also faces a set of environmental issues. Brazil faces a variety of environmental issues ranging from Amazon Basin deforestation, the issue of endangered species, air pollution, poor waste disposal, land degradation and water pollution owing to the mining activities, as well as severe oil spills and wetland degradation (Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), n.d; Brazil. org, n.d).
These issues threaten various aspects of natural abundance in the country and need to be addressed adequately for a viable Brazilian ecosystem. This current paper discusses the extent of environmental issues, their causes, and political responses. The extent of the ProblemThe trend of deforestation in the Amazon has been alarming since the last decade. As Worldwatch Institute (nd) asserts, between August 2007 and July 2008, more than 8,000 square kilometers of the Amazon were cleared as reported by the National Institute for Space Research, which is twice the size of Rhode Island.
Deforestation in Amazon is a major cause of ecological and environmental degradation in Brazil and is increasing at an alarming rate. For instance, according to Tavener (2011), the amount of deforestation in the protected zones of the Amazon increased by over 127% between the years 2000 and 2010, even after the protected areas were demarcated. Also, as Tanever (2011) points out, in 2011, Brazil had 310 conservation units for protection covering 750,000 square kilometers, and of the 132 surveyed, deforestation had increased from 5,000 to over 11,400 square kilometers.
Even with the protection status, the Bon Futuro (coined Good Future) National Park located in Rondonia state lost 27% of the total forest area. However, Para state, having reported a total loss of 65% of the forest area has borne the heaviest weight on deforestation. As far as deforestation is concerned, it also leads to climate change, which even a more adverse effect, as it affects normal ecological functioning by reducing the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere and increasing carbon dioxide (Garner, 2011). The problem of endangered species is also an environmental issue in the country.
According to Chopping (2009), Brazil bolsters to be home of six percent of the globe’ s endangered species. In addition, as the IUCN red list of threatened species, 97 species in Brazil have been identified as vulnerable, endangered, or risk being threatened. Ideally, Brazil is one of the homes of the most endangered species in the world. For this reason, this is an environmental problem that requires management to protect these species as they are on the verge of becoming extinct. For example, the brilliant blue hyacinth macaw, which is estimated to be a meter long is an endangered species and its habitat is southern Brazil, northeastern Paraguay, and eastern Bolivia.
These birds are being endangered as their numbers are increasingly becoming slimmer, as according to Bagheera (n. d), there are less than 100,000 hyacinth blue macaws in the world, both living in the wild and human captivity. The number is decreasing every year, and given the fact that the species has its habitat in Brazil, this is an eye-catching phenomenon. In essence, all 18 species, as Bagheera (n. d) asserts, are all threatened.
This is just an example, other species that are on the verge of extinction according to Lonely Planet (n. d) are mammals such as black-faced lion tamarin, the ring-tail monkey, the golden-rumped lion tamarin, the Coimbra’ s titi monkey, the Brazilian arboreal mouse, the Northern Bahian blond titi monkey, the Brazilian spiny rice rat, and the buffy-headed marmoset among other mammals. This showcases the fact that the extent of endangered species in Brazil is growing annually, and immediate counteractions should be enacted.
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