The paper "Fire Safety Plan for Academic Building" is a perfect example of report on engineering and construction. The Academic Building which is the object of this fire safety strategy is a three-storey multi-purpose building that has a total floor area of 3,509 square metres. It has classrooms, offices, laboratories, group working spaces, dining and waiting area, and so on that can accommodate around 1,360 people. In terms of fire safety, except the basement, the building has two vertical escape routes and atrium that extend from the ground floor to the third floor.
Like any other building in the United Kingdom, the Academic Building should comply with the fire safety requirements of building regulations and provisions set out in Approved Document B for buildings classified as non-dwelling. The different aspects of fire safety that must be followed include satisfactory provision for means of escape, fire detection and alarm, fire-resisting internal linings and structure, fire protection for load-bearing elements, compartmentation, external fire spread, and access for firefighters. The building has a basement where the Lecture Theatre is located. A ground floor where the offices are located including a large group workspace, kitchen, and several storage rooms.
The second floor on the other contains several classrooms, a library, and staff rooms. The third floor houses the science laboratory, study area, a lecture room, teacher offices, and air handling unit plant. The Academic Building is 5.5m to an elevation of existing History Building in the East, 15 metres from the centreline of the main road in the South, 17 metres to an elevation of the neighbouring Arts Building and more than 40 metres from an unoccupied land in the North. Report Plan The Academic Building is subject to the requirements of Building Regulations 2010 thus this fire safety plan primarily consider the provisions and specification provided in B1 to B5.
This fire safety plan also considers British codes such as BS 9999 to provide added information and code practice for fire safety. In order to clearly present the information and achieve the objectives of this safety plan, this report is systematically structured according to Approved Document B requirements as stated below. B1 Means of Warning and Escape B2 Internal Fire Spread (Linings) B3 Internal Fire Spread (Structure) B4 External Fire Spread B5 Access and Facilities for the Fire and Rescue Service Regulatory Reform Order and Fire Safety Management B1-Means of Escape Number of Occupants Calculating the number of occupants in a building requires dividing the area of each storey by floor space factors as shown in the table below.
Since this building is considered in Purpose Group 5 then the floor space factor will be taken from Table C1 of ADB. Details of the calculated occupant capacity for the Academic Building are shown in Appendix – B. Section 1: Fire alarm and fire detection systems Approved Document B requires two important provisions in means of warning and escape and these include early warning of fire and appropriate means of escape.
The fire alarm and detection system for this type of building are L2 which is a system that can be installed in particular parts of the building as categorised in BS 5839-1 and explained in Section1.3 of ADB.