The paper "Education in Australia and China" is a great example of a report on education. Over time, there has been a significant increase in the number of foreign students pursuing their studies in Australia. In most cases, these foreign students come from non-English speaking countries such as China among many other countries. In addition to this, a good number of Australian universities have developed different forms of franchising arrangements with educational institutions in foreign countries such as China. Nevertheless, it is worth noting that, there are substantial cultural differences between Australia and China.
These cultural differences play a great role in influencing, learning expectations, learning styles of students, the teaching styles used, and the overall role of the teacher and the learner during the learning process. When these cultural differences are not addressed appropriately, the learning process can prove to be intricate and unsuitable for students from difficult cultures. In order to develop a conducive learning environment for students from different cultures, it is essential to put into account these cultural differences when structuring the teaching and learning system in educational institutions (Heffernan et al, 2010; Huang, 2010). This paper seeks to compare and contrast the key aspects of the teaching and learning system in China and Australia.
Foremost, this paper will briefly examine the historical background of the educational system in China and Australia. Secondly, it will compare and contrast the role of the teacher and the learner in Australia and China Moreover; it will compare and contrast the teaching style of educators and the learning style of students in China and Australia. In addition to this, the assessment and learning outcomes of education in China and Australia will be examined.
subsequently, this paper will determine which teaching and learning system is most suitable for the current educational context. Historical background The historical background of the Australian higher education system can be traced back to the era of white settlement at Botany Bay. After several decades of white settlement, two communities, Melbourne and Sydney established institutions of higher education. The University of Sydney was the first institution of higher education founded in1851. During this era institutions of higher education were not founded to satisfy demand rather, they were founded so as to create social order.
Early universities were established to resemble English universities. Nevertheless, adapting to the setting of their colonial masters implied that, Australian universities adapted some features that were more similar to the Scottish universities than English Universities. The curriculum used by these early institutions was based on a classical course study of mathematics, Greek, and Latin. Later on, more utilitarian courses which had more appeal to the colonial environment, such medicine and law were included in the curriculum. There was a high level of uniformity among early universities in academic matters like the level of courses and the perception staff on the nature of the institution.
This came hand in hand with factors such as student fees and the level of government support. With time more institutions of higher education were established and the level of government support to these institutions begun to decrease. Moreover, fundamental changes occurred gradually that reshaped the system of higher education in Australia (DEET, 1993).