Fire Safety Strategy for Anywhere Community Center Building – Report Example

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The paper "Fire Safety Strategy for Anywhere Community Center Building " is a wonderful example of a report on science.   The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 which was instituted in 2006 replaced numerous fire safety laws. FSO 2005 applies to all non-domestic premises wherein parts of blocks of flats and houses are included. FSO 2005 dictates that the new Anywhere Community Center (ACC) building must conform to all the fire safety regulations presented in the Building Regulations Approved Document B (Volume 2) for buildings other than dwelling houses in order to obtain approval from Statutory Authorities.

Below is the detailed fire strategy for ACC building. 1.1 Means of Detection and Warning System Twelve (12) smoke detectors will be installed throughout the building and will be distributed in the following areas: Infants Room, Youth Room, the hallway directly in front of the comfort rooms, the entrance lounge, store, kitchen, stage room, office, hall, future room, future store, chapel, and oil storage area. All areas will be installed with optical smoke detectors except the oil storage room where the ionization chamber smoke detector will be used.

This is because fire emanating from the oil storage room will not produce as much smoke particles than the fire that will spark from the boiler so a smoke detector with a very sensitive sensor will be used in the oil storage area. Mounting of smoke detectors must conform to section 1.9 – 1.18 of Approved Document B. The central monitoring points for the detectors will be placed on two strategic locations inside the building like the far wall of the entrance and on the entrance through the office area so that anyone coming in/out of the ACC building will easily identify which routes to take to safety or which areas need to be contained.

Type A call points will be used and would follow the L1 category of the fire alarm system. 1.2 Provisions of Means of Escape The inclusion of plans for means of escape is necessary for any building plans. Apparently, only the roofing materials used in constructing ACC building is easily combustible since parts of the roofing like the rafters, boarding, and purlins used softwood materials while the walls used solid and hollow concretes.

The building design needs to include at least three points of escape in case of fire. Means of escape will be provided in the Infants room since the distance of travel from the Infants room to the entrance door is more than nine meters promoting the provision of a fire exit point as imposed by Section 2.13a; the chapel area where the means of escape is through another room which according to Section 2.5 needs to have another fire exit point in case the exit point – which is the office area – is in the fire, and an egress window will be provided in the balcony area which should strictly follow Section 2.9a and 2.9b.

An alternative exit can be placed in the hall area which satisfies Section 2.17a and 2.17-b1 because the maximum travel distance from the farthest distance of the room to the nearest exit is more than 9 meters. The said fire exits will be equipped with self-closing fire doors with fire-screen. Doors on escape routes should be fitted with simply fastening in accordance with Section 5.11.

References

Communities and Local Government. The Building Regulations 2000. Approved Document B. 2006 Edition.

Butcher, E.G. & Parnell, A.C. (1983). Designing for Fire Safety. John Wiley, Chichester.

Derek, J. (1986). Fire Prevention Handbook. Butterworth & Co. Ltd., London.

FSE (Fire Safety Engineering). (1995). Research for the Fire Safety Engineering Design of Buildings. BRE Publications, Watford.

GLC (Greater London Council). (1976). Code of Practice Means of Escape in Case of Fire. Greater London Council, London.

Langdon-Thomas, G.J. (1972). Fire Safety in Buildings: Principles & Practice. A & C Black Limited, London.

Read, R.E.H. & Morris, W.A. (1983). Aspects of Fire Precautions in Buildings. BRE Publications, Watford.

Shields, T.J. & Silcock, G.W.H. (1987). Buildings and Fire. Longman Scientific & Technical, New York.

The Aqua Group (1984). Fire and Building. Granada Publishing Ltd., London.

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