Design of Production of Energy from Household Waste to a Sustainable Energy Source in the An Minh District – Report Example

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The paper “ Design of Production of Energy from Household Waste to a Sustainable Energy Source in the An Minh District” is a worthy variant of a report on environmental studies. Energy is important in supporting the rural community to achieve employment, growth, and sustainability objectives. High gas and oil prices can pin a country in a corner forcing it to depend on imported energy. This project plan is a response to this challenge and aims to reduce dependency on energy importation by increasing energy supply, stimulating growth, increasing sustainability, and jobs. 1.2 AimThe aim of this project design is to provide full utilization of household waste by implementing a bioenergy plant thus stabilizing energy needs within the1.3 Project ScopeThe project design is for the production of bioenergy in An Minh district, Vietnam through the implementation of a bioenergy plant.

It includes the following  1.3.1 Inclusions: Environmental benefits and stability Uses of energy supply (e. g. Mobile phones and light sources) Economic environment Plant establishment costs 1.3.2 Exclusions: Housing structure Cultural background Revenue acquired 1.3.3 Assumptions: The power source will work in all weather conditions The government will provide funding and land to create crops 1.3.4 Constraints: Coordinating inflow of biomass fuel supplies Costs of building and maintaining plant Community knowledge of constructing and maintaining plant 1.4 Purpose of the Report Then this report is to emphasize the effectiveness of generating energy from household waste by implementing a bioenergy plant to serve the energy needs of people as well as to sustain the environment of An Minh District in Vietnam. 2.0 Problem DescriptionEnergy plays a very crucial role in providing services to meet the basic needs of people especially light and heat motive power.

Activities that depend on access to energy services are public services like communication, education and healthcare, commerce, and business.

If this energy supply is inadequate or absent it may bring about a decline in health, economic, social, and rapid development. Electricity in Vietnam covers 80-90% of households connected to the power source, which is predominantly used for powering televisions, charging phones, and lighting. Currently, electricity in Vietnam is powered by petroleum. Electricity charges per household are approximately 100,000 VD, with prices ranging from 3000 – 5000 per kWh. The connection fee is at a maximum rate of 750,000 VD. This is very expensive for households, thus a need for another effective alternative of generating and supplying affordable energy that can serve all households. The pattern of energy consumption also shows the total world’ s energy 90% is provided by conventional energy and fossil while only 10% is generated from biomass.

This results in natural disasters like competition for energy resources worldwide and global warming. The fossil fuels are natural gas, oil, and coal and as sources of energy, their application is not sustainable because of their depletion and emission of greenhouse gases into the environment.

Greenhouse affects human life and the environment, and also contributes to global warming. In this case, renewable sources of energy like biomass are options that are needed to improve the situation of the environment. 3.0 Evaluation of AlternativesThe alternatives for the design of energy production were biomass plant and petroleum. The criterion used to gauge the viability of a particular design was as follows: CostThe number of resources used as well as the cost of planning, buying the plant, and implementing it including the cost of workers should not be too costly to outdo the benefits anticipated.

References

7.0 References

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Hui, S. C. M. (1997). From renewable energy to sustainability: the challenge for Hong Kong, In Proc. of the POLMET '97 Conference, Hong Kong Institution of Engineers, Hong Kong, pp. 351-358.

Kothari, R, Tyagi, VV & Ashish, P 2010. Waste-to-Energy: A Way from Renewable Energy Sources to Sustainable Development, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 14: 3164–3170.

Lewandowski, Weger, J, Hooijdonk, A, Havlickova, & Faaij, A, 2006, The Potential Biomass for Energy Production in the Czech Republic, Biomass and Bioenergy 30:

405–421. OECD/IEA Report, 2006, Energy for Cooking in Developing Countries.

Panera, NL, Kaushik, SC & Kothari, S 2011, Role of Renewable Energy Sources in Environmental Protection: A Review, Renewable, and Sustainable Energy Reviews 15:

1513–1524.

Tuhkanen, S, Pipatti, R, Sipilä, K & Mäkinen, T 2000, The effect of new solid waste treatment systems of greenhouse gas emissions. Fifth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-5). Cairns, Australia.

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