The paper "Departments of Urology, Gynecology, and Obstetrics" is a perfect example of an outline on health sciences and medicine. Urology is the branch of medicine that depicts diseases that encompass the urinary tract system of male individuals and female persons, as well as their reproductive organs. The department can be broken down into Endourology, urologic oncology, Laparoscopy, Andrology, Neurourology, Pediatric Urology, Reconstructive Urology, and the female urology. From another perspective, Urology as a branch of medicine dedicates knowledge in the treatment of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, bladder cancer, and bladder stones, cystitis, and Epididymitis.
In addition, other diseases that fall in the branch of Urology are prostate cancer, Testicular cancer, Kidney cancer, and Retrograde ureteral plus Pyelogram. The term refers to the specialization in medicine that focuses on pregnancy, successive childbirth and the postpartum period. In addition, obstetrics deals with the ideal health care for newborn kids. The pregnancy period includes three divisions. The first division is the first trimester that includes tests such as CBC; complete blood count, the general screen of antibody and other screens such as the HIV screen.
The second trimester involves the consultation of a midwife. The third trimester features the Hematocrit, and if it is low, the mother is given iron carrying medicine. In addition, Group B Streptococcus screen and the glucose stocking test. The diseases that characterize the branch of medicine include the Thyroid disease, Hypercoagulability, Systemic lupus erythematosus and diabetes mellitus during pregnancy. The term enumerates the practice in medicine that concentrates on the health of female reproductive systems plus the breasts. Diseases that fall under the wings of gynecology are precancerous ailments and cancer of the reproductive organs, Amenorrhea, Menorrhagia and Dysmenorrhea.
The branch also features infertility and the incontinence of the urine. Therapies that are given to patients are both medical as well as surgical. Examples include the dilation and curettage, oophorectomy, hysterectomy, and hysteroscopy, appendectomy and tubal ligation(Paolo, 2008).