A investigation of nutritional intake status of Chinese immigrants in the UKIntroduction When we consider an investigation into the diets of Chinese immigrants residing in the UK, there are still more questions than answers. The questions which arise are not only about the types and role of diet in health and disease, but also to an even greater extent about the value systems and attitudes which creates the homogeneity which distinguishes one ethnic minority from the other. In other words, there are many cultural nuances which surround the Chinese, which have not been sorted out.
Moreover, whenever researchers have attempted to study the topic of nutrition and diet, the ethnic minorities (including the Chinese in the UK), have been included in the aggregate. This is not to say, that there is no information on Chinese immigrants and their dietary and nutritional needs and practices. There are some studies which have isolated the Chinese immigrant, in attempts to provide valid trace data, on the causes of various diseases within this immigrant population, which is the fourth largest in the UK.
However, this information still represents a minimal effort, considering the expected size and overall scope of the health problems which the Chinese community faces. Even in studies where isolation of the Chinese group from the aggregate has been attempted, it has been found that there were only varying degrees of assimilation. As a consequence, a language barrier is present. Obviously, this must be resolved if there is going to be more than cursory attempts made to educate the immigrants on the pivotal role which diet has on good health. Traditions are strong among the Chinese community, and their diet is an integral part of their culture.
Efforts must be made to insure these persons, not of change, but of augmentation. Chapter one1.0 Literature Review1.1 Reference Nutrient Intakes Tables issued by most national authorities as the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization, the World Health Organization (WHO), and the European Union (EU), containing the recommended or reference intakes of nutrients”(Encarta) Appendix “A”. “These are the amount of nutrients that is adequate to prevent deficiencies in 97.5% of the UK population”(Ion) “…Reference Nutrient Intakes are derived statistically from studies to determine adequate levels of intake to prevent or reverse specific signs of deficiency in people maintained on controlled experimental diets.
Such studies give the average requirement to meet the chosen criterion of adequacy. Assuming that individual requirements have a statistically normal distribution around the average, it is possible to say that a range of plus or minus twice the standard deviation (SD) around the average will include the individual requirements of 95 % of the population.
An intake of 2 SD above the average requirement will therefore be greater than the requirements of 95.5 per cent of the population. This is the level that is set as the reference intake. It should be noted that variances do exist when considering the reference nutrient intakes which are published by different authorities. Also, that there exist a relatively