The paper "English as a Lingua Franca and its Impact on Teaching of EFL" is a great example of a literature review on education. English is used throughout the world as a lingua franca; this means persons who do not speak the same first language use it as a means of communication. There is an increasing interest in English as a lingua franca (ELF). The grammar code of Standard English is shared norms in intercultural transactions across the world, ranging from the domains of politics and economics to the fields of environment, law, and social sciences.
This literature review explores research into ELF and considers its impact on teaching of ELF. The journal articles by Jenkins (2012), Galloway (2013), Cogo (2012), Seidlhofer (2005), and Suzuki (2011) focus on the different aspects of ELF, pedagogical implication of the different varieties of English and attainment of successful ELF communication. Smit (2010) textbook will also be reviewed; it focuses on ELF definition, demarcation, its linguistic repertoire, communicative purposes, language-scape of the setting, its socio-linguistic status, implications and applications, linguistic description and its application as a classroom language. Literature Review The identified themes from the reviewed literature are; English is a common language of speakers of various languages and from different national and ethnic backgrounds; and ELF is highly dynamic and hybrid in nature.
In addition, attitudes towards ELF are determined by the different lingua-cultural backgrounds and lastly, ELF greatly influences English language teaching and learning. Numerous authors have identified the wide acceptance and use of English as a widespread language of speakers of various languages. For most individuals who do not share a national or common culture or common native tongue, English has become the chosen contact foreign language of communication.
Smit (2010) noted that English has become a common language of speakers of various languages from different cultures and nationalities. A wide range of cultures and languages are involved; ELF interaction takes place in countries and areas where English is not the first language. According to Suzuki (2011), there has been increasing use of English by L2 speakers for worldwide interaction. Seidholfer (2005) noted that English functions as an international lingua franca for native and nonnative speakers of the language.
ELF has emerged as a way of denoting communication in English between speakers with diverse first languages. Quoting Firth (1996), Seidholfer (2005) noted that ELF is distinctive because it is a contact language between individuals from different national cultures and native tongues who chose it as the foreign language of communication. Cogo (2012) noted that for socializing, trading, studying, tourism, and business, English has become a truly international language in the modern context. Cogo further noted that ELF is mostly used in situations that although traditionally connected with the widening circle countries, are not essentially geographically located but can be transient and virtual in nature.
ELF encounters take place in offices and over the internet, for instance, on Facebook. According to Cogo (2012), ELF is spoken as a contact language by people from different lingua cultural contexts, where both the location and community of speakers can be changing and may often not be allied to a particular country. Galloway (2013) argued that individuals of different lingua-cultural backgrounds and even in nations where it is not an official national language currently use English globally.
It is significantly being used internally and has permeated into the day-to-day lives of individuals in countries such as Japan. According to Jenkins (2012), English has played an important role as a medium of communication amongst persons of diverse first languages for many years. Jenkins further noted that ELF has risen extensively from a minority interest in applied linguistic to a key area of study in linguistics. It is evident from the studies that there is extremely widespread and common usage of English as a medium of communication by persons with different first languages.