Aspects of Security Measures to Deter Crime for the Developers, Architects, and the Project Managers – Literature review Example

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The paper "Aspects of Security Measures to Deter Crime for the Developers, Architects, and the Project Managers" is a worthy example of a literature review on social science. Facility management entails management processes that ensure that the operational activities in a building are smooth (Barret & Baldry, 2009). The facility management covers the general aspects of property management, security, and technical requirements in a building. In the modern age facilities, managers are involved in the construction process right from the design, construction, and the installation of the technological requirements for the house (Michael, 2012).

Security concerns have been a major concern for buildings and, as a result, there is increased demand for security managers in the construction activities of building right from the design (Michael, 2012). The facility managers and security manager must work together based on an understanding of the core technical issues relating to security. The integration concept and interdependencies that occur between the security management and the facility management in the construction of buildings are critical in ensuring security is upheld. The paper focuses on general safety issues but concentrates more on aspects of security measures to deter crime. Security Management In the modern-day construction, the security and safety of buildings are a primary goal for the developers, architects, and project managers (Hendrickson & Au, 2009).

In order to counter the threats to security, either criminal or natural, modern research and technology have provided useful developments that can be used to combat security threats (Demkin, 2010). For instance, the use of construction materials to mitigate risks that relate to structural design. Some of the technologies include glass and masonry materials, transparent and materials that resist forced entry and ballistic.

The security and facility manager should corporate together to ensure that the materials are procured and installed during the construction process. Despite other technological advancements, criminals and terrorists continue to be more imaginative. According to Medby, Rosen & Schacter (2002), security experts, and facility managers need to explore options for physical security designs and use technologies that enhance security. The corporation of the safety and facility managers in the construction ensures that procurement cost is reduced as there are minimal alterations in designs. Construction of High Rises Security measures play an integral role in ensuring that a building is safe.

As a result, in the construction, steps should be put in place to ensure that the building qualifies for emergency and disaster preparedness (Sacerdote, 2000). It is the role of the facility managers to ensure that the process of development puts in place the required safety measures. Since the September 11 attack on America, the facility management responsibilities have drastically changed, and toady facility management includes security roles (Demkin, 2010). Therefore, facility managers are nowadays more concerned about security.

In addition to the terrorism-related cases, the facility managers are also concerned with the safety of the building in preventing burglary and other crimes. With the advent of modern technology, the facility managers work hand in hand with security managers in drawing synergies that ensure security and safety are maintained in a building. Security managers and facility managers thus have to work together in synergies that ensure that security is prioritized. The synergy entails incorporating modern-day technology in the management of facilities right from construction.

According to Gifford (2000), security transcends the criminal and terrorist actions to include natural threats such as floods, earthquakes, and hurricanes. In the construction of high-rise buildings, the security managers should factor in all the possible threats to the building. One key technology to ensure that high rise is safe starts with the use of design technologies that ensure the building can withstand unforeseen threats from the natural calamities (ASIS, 2008). In the construction of high rises, the general security and safety issues to include the physical strength of the foundation and the materials used for the construction.

In order to mitigate the risks that are posed by the terrorists, the blast mitigating structural design should be used. In addition, buildings should include solid materials such as non-shutter glass. In addition, security can be enhanced by using the transparent glass that makes the occupants see what is going on around the compound (Farrington, 2004).

References

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Barret, P, and Baldry, D. (2003). Total facilities management, towards best practice. Malden:

Blackwell Science Inc.

Bauer, G. (2001). High-rise crime. International Criminal Police Review, 36 (350), 201-204.

Brown, J. (2008). Security building as the value adds. Canadian Security.

Challinger, D. (2008). From the Ground Up: Security for Tall Buildings. Alexandria, VA: ASIS International

Clarke, R. V., and Mayhew, P. (2003). Designing out crime. London: HMSO.

Craighead, G. (2003). High-rise security and fire life safety. Woburn, MA: Butterworth- Heinemann.

DeLone, G. J. (2008). Public housing and the fear of crime. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36(2), 115-125.

Demkin, J. (2010). Building and designing for security. NCARB Monograph Series

Farrington, D. P., and Welsh, B. C. (2004). Measuring the effects of improved street lighting on crime. British Journal of Criminology, 44(3), 448-467.

Fennelly, L. (2004). Effective physical security. Boston, MA: Elsevier Butterworth-Heinemann.

Gifford, R. (2007). The consequences of living in high-rise buildings. Architectural Science Review, 50(1), 2-17.

Gill, M., and Spriggs, A. (2005). Assessing the impact of CCTV. London: Home Office.

Hodgson, B. (2008). High-rise: Heaven or hell? The Star: The community magazine, 20-23.

Hendrickson, C, and Au, T (2009). Management for Construction fundamental concept for owners, engineers, architects, and builders. New Jersey: Prentice-hall Inc.

Jeffery, C. R. (2002). Crime prevention through environmental design. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. Kinney, J. B., Brantingham, P. L., Wuschke, K., Kirk, M. G., & Brantingham, P. J. (2008). Crime attractors, generators, and detractors: Land use and urban crime opportunities. Built Environment, 34, 62-74.

Kitteringham, G. (2006). Security and life safety for the commercial high-rise. Alexandria, VA: ASIS International.

Michael, K. (2012). Security Risk Management: Building an Information Security Risk Management Program from the Ground Up. Computers & Security, 31(2), 249-250.

Matalucci, R. V., and O’Connor, S. L. (2007). Security risk assessment and management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Medby, J. J., Rosen, B., and Schacter, J. (2002). Security and safety in Los Angeles high-rise buildings after 9/11. Available at, http://www.rand.org/pubs/documented_briefings [Accessed on 6th March December].

Sacerdote, B. (2000). The social consequences of housing. Journal of Housing Economics, 9 (1), 1-23.

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