Evaluation of the Social Movement – Literature review Example

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The paper "Evaluation of the Social Movement " is a perfect example of a literature review on gender issues. Feminism can be described as a set of social theories in addition to political practices that are critical of the earlier period as well as present social relations and which are mainly aggravated and enlightened by the experiences of women. It was mainly concentrated on defining, establishing as well as advocating for equal political, social and economic rights for women. Most generally, feminism entails an evaluation of gender inequity; in particular, it entails the promotion of the rights of women as well as their interests.

Feminist theories, therefore, query various issues such as sexuality, the relationship between gender and the power in social, political as well as economic relationships. According to Wilton (2010), feminist movements can be traced back to the 19th century when people increasingly took on the perception that women were being oppressed within a male-centered society. The history of women has since then changed over the past century. The most commonly asked question has therefore been how relevant feminism is in the current society for the 21st-century  woman.

This particular essay will, therefore, provide critical analysis of whether feminism is irrelevant and out of date movement in the 21st Century. Literature Review According to Dicker & Piepmeier (2003), the history of feminism can be traced back to the 19th when people increasingly took on the perception that women were being oppressed within the male-centered society. This feminist movement was mainly rooted in the western part of the world and more particularly during the 19th-century  reform movement. The organized reform movement can be traced back to the first women’ s rights convention that was held at the Seneca Falls, New York during the year, 1848 (Eserver, 2005). In more than a century and a half now, the movement grew to incorporate diverse perspectives mainly constituting discrimination directed to women (Segal, 1999).

Early feminists are often referred to as the first wave whereas those after almost 1960 are referred to as the second wave. According to West (2010), the main objective associated with the first wave of the feminist movement was generally recognized as the urge to obtain women's suffrage.

This implied the right of every woman to be able to contribute not only in a nation’ s democratic process by voting for a designated government but also the right to fight for a place in the national assembly (Walsh, 2007). On the other hand, the second movement started during the 1960s with its main objective being to ensure that there was equal pay for equivalent work. According to West (2010), the second movement was therefore meant to ensure that women invigorate their responsibility as the traditional homemakers by being recognized as important contributors to their respective nations’ labor force.

Wilton (2010) highlights that it was during this period that women authors emerged, publishing books about the feminist movement. One of the books, ‘ The Feminine Mystique’ was written Betty Friedan who in one of her many arguments contemplated why women who had gone through college-level education and who previously had dreams beyond housewifery were the ones suffering the most. According to Wilton (2010), Friedan, later on, became the National Organization for Women’ s president. In Australia, Germaine Greer launched another book ‘ The Female Eunuch.

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