Analysis of Fire Risk Assessment – Literature review Example

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The paper "Analysis of Fire Risk Assessment" is a great example of a literature review on management.   Good management of fire safety is crucial in ensuring fire occurrences are reduced. It also ensures fire risks are contained or controlled safely, effectively, and quickly in case they occur. It will as well ensure that in case a fire occurs and grows, every person on the premises is able to escape to an area of total safety quickly and easily. Good management of fire will ensure that appropriate fire safety procedures are carried out together with fire preventative measures.

It will also ensure fire precautions including systems, equipment, and plans are taken into consideration while putting them in place and ensuring they are working properly as well as identifying areas that require attention. According to Arthur (2003, p. 56) Fire risk assessment is a methodical and organized way of looking at the premises, activities going on in the premises as well as the possibility that a fire might start and cause harm to people in and within the premises. Fire risk assessment aims at identifying the fire hazards, reducing the risks of fire hazards that cause harm to be as low as possible.

It also decides on what physical fire precautions and management plans are necessary in ensuring people’ s safety in the premises in case a fire starts. Hazard is anything that has the potential of causing any kind of harm in terms of ill-health or injury, damage to the environment, damage to property, or combination of all. Risk is the chance or likelihood of harm occurrence at any place. The likelihood is the chance of harm occurrence due to hazard exposure.

The risk depends on the likelihood that a hazard could take place together with the ruthlessness of the harm which resulted. Risk as well depends on the number of people who might be exposed to the danger or hazard. A fire risk assessment will assist in determining the chances of a fire starting. It will also assist in determining fire dangers that the premises present to those who use it and any other person in the immediate environs. Risk Assessment and management Steven (2007, p. 56) maintains that in analyzing and identifying fire hazards, there is a need to identify three things that make a fire to start.

These include ignition sources, fuel as well as oxygen. Failure of one of these will result in a reduced fire occurrence. Fire hazards identification will assist in knowing potential sources of ignition, materials which might fuel the fire as well as supplies of oxygen which might assist it in burning. Sources of ignition include smokers’ material like lighters, matches, and cigarettes. Naked flames are also sources of ignition and they include gas, night lights, or candles.

Electrical and oil-fired heaters whether portable or fixed, gas, cooking activities and equipment, boilers, machinery with hot surfaces, and arson are other sources of ignition. In assessing risk management, it is important to identify fuel sources. This is because anything which burns is fuel for the fire. It is crucial to analyze and look at the things that can burn and cause fire easily as well as making fire spread easily and quickly to other fuel sources. This will assist to a greater extent towards preventing the spread of fire on the premises.

Some of the common sources of fuel in premises include furniture whether permanent or temporary, textiles, and soft furnishings like clothing displays and hanging curtains, and laundry including towels, linen, and bedding. Other fuel sources include waste products like shredded papers and wood shavings as well as offcuts, refuse containers, waste storage and skips, flammable liquids based products, and solvents like paints, varnishes, adhesives, thinners, white spirit, and methylated spirit among others. Flammable chemicals are also sources of fuel and they include hydrocarbon solvents and photocopier chemicals, flammable gases like aerosols and liquefied petroleum gas, plastics, and rubber-like polyurethane foam-filled furniture and videotapes, and wall and ceiling hangings.

It is also important to take into consideration materials used in ceilings and line walls like carpet tiles or polystyrene as they as well might contribute to spreading the fire.

References

Arthur, E 2003, Organizing for Fire and Rescue Services, Jones & Bartlett Learning, California.

British Standards Institution 2005, Fire precautions act, The Stationary Office, London.

British Standards Institution 2008, Fire detection and alarm systems for buildings, British Standards Institution, Oxford.

Hirschler, M 2008, Fire hazard and fire risk assessment, ASTM International, Oxford.

Nigel, S 2008, Fire risk management, The Association, London.

Oxfordshire Fire Authority 2009, Oxfordshire Fire Authority integrated risk management plan & action plan, Oxfordshire Fire and Rescue Service, London.

Steven, W 2007, Risk Management in the Fire Service, PennWell Books, New York.

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