Nursery Management of Ornamental Plants – Literature review Example

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The paper "Nursery Management of Ornamental Plants" is a wonderful example of a literature review on agriculture.   Organic farming can assertively be differentiated from conventional agriculture in that there is a particular level of respect for the natural environment. Nordic ecological association (2000) described organic farming as “ a self-sustaining and insistent agro-ecosystem in good balance, with the system based on renewable resources, which builds on a universal view that involves the ecological, economic and social features of agricultural production on local and global perspectives; nature is looked at in its entirety with its own natural value.

In keeping with Lichtfouse (2011) man has a moral responsibility to farm in a manner that cultivated landscape comprise a positive aspect of nature? ” This however begs the question of whether organic farming is sustainable considering the increased technological evolution (Lichtfouse, 2011). Principles of Organic Agriculture Background The principles of organic agriculture were first brought forward by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) in September 2005. This was defined as the aspirations of organic farming and approved by the general assembly or IFOAM on September 25th, 2005. In 1946 the Australian Organic Farming and Gardening Society started the production of a quarterly journal Organic Farming Digest.

This became the first journal on the "organic" journal to be published by an association. Paul & John (2009) states that in 1946, the Living Association of Tasmania adopted the journal and distributed it to its own members it also held together for a decade but later disbanded on January 19th, 1955 because of lack of funds. In the latest years, the organic center has grown significantly although it’ s not without challenge. With the need to explain the fundamental values of organic agriculture, In order to apply the principles into the broadest sense including the way people tend soils water, plants, and animals in order to produce, prepare and distribute goods(Lockeretz, 2007).

The main concerns raised by these principles were people’ s interaction with living landscapes, their relationship with one and the legacy of future generations (IFOAM, 2005) The Organic Agriculture principles were split into four as follows: 1. The principle of care- also known as the precautionary principle which emphasis on the taking extra care to ensure health and wellbeing of current and future generation and the environment. 2.

The principle of Ecology- this principle argues that organic agriculture should be founded on ecological system and cycles which saw it being referred to as the cyclic principle. 3. The principle of health- it is argued that Organic agriculture should uphold and improve soil health as well as; plant, animal, and human wellbeing as one and indivisible. 4. The principle of fairness- organic agriculture is should be established on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities. In the latest years, the principle of nearness has been this is so as a debate arises to whether organic farms should be built on their own geographical areas to avoid any contaminations   Objective The main objective of this paper is to critically analyze the sustainability of organic farming in tandem with good nursery management practices of ornamental plants.

for an organic nursery to be successful careful decision should be made on the location of the nursery considering if the nursery is too close to conventional firms there is a possibility of pesticide contamination.

Considering this is just the beginning of challenges far more than experienced in the non-organic farming one would ask whether this is sustainable. To answer this question in the simplest of manner the answer would be yes but with many challenges that call for accurate planning and decision making.


Handreck, K. & Black, N. (2002).Growing media for ornamental plants and turf. Sydney, NSW, Australia: University of New South Wales Press.

Lockeretz, W. (2007). Organic farming: an international history. Wallingford, UK Cambridge, MA: CABI.

Lichtfouse, E. (2011). Sustainable agriculture. Dordrecht New York: Springer.

Paul & John (2008) organic plant development.Journal of organic systems 3(2): 2-17

Mason, J. (2004). Nursery management. Collingwood, Vic: Landlinks Press.

Newman, J. (2008). Greenhouse and nursery management practices to protect water quality. Oakland, CA: University of California, Agriculture, and Natural Resources.

Todd D (2012). Are organic crops feasible? Retrieved from

Garrett H., Ferguson J., & Amaranths, M. (2012). Organic management for the professional: the natural way for landscape architects and contractors, commercial growers, golf course managers, park administrators, turf managers, and other stewards of the land. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Hay, S. (2008). Essential nursery management: a practitioner's guide. London New York: Routledge/Nursery World.

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