The paper “ Acacia Species - Native Plants in Australia” is a pathetic example of a literature review on biology. The Acacia species is one of the dominant vegetations in Australia. Common species based on seed lot orders are A. mangium, A.auriculiormis, A.aulacocarpa, A.mearnsii, and A. melanoxylon. Globally, Acacia species comprise 40 percent of tree plantations in sub-tropics and tropics. The species grows well in land that is not sufficient for food production (Griffin et al. , 2011). Different literature was reviewed on Acacia species in Australia including Western Australia. The outcome of the review is categorized into uses of Acacia, salinity tolerance and clearance in Western Australia. Search ProcessOnline databases and journals that were used include Elsevier, Wiley, Research Gate, Oxford Journals, BMC Biology, the Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, Functional Plant Biology, Journal of Vegetation Science and the International Journal of Agriculture and Biology.
Search terms used for the review were salinity, nutrient composition, Acacia species, wood fuel, salt tolerance, clearance, and wood production. Inclusion criteria included articles with the words Acacia species in the titles, articles published after 2006 and peer-reviewed studies.
Criteria for exclusion included articles that discussed other species similar to Acacia such as Eucalyptus, opinion-based articles or studies published before 2006. Twenty-one articles were identified from the search. Only eleven articles were selected for the review. Uses of Acacia, Food Industry and DistributionGriffin et al. (2011) conducted a study on the international use of acacias including future prospects. Their study referred to the Australian Tree Seed Center (ATSC) database to establish the taxa, scale of use and location of Australian species. Their study established that Australia species have global uses because the species grows in subtropics and tropics (Griffin et al. , 2011).
The study revealed that Australian acacia species have been traditionally used for fiber crops and fuelwood in Australia. The biological characteristics of Acacia species make them ideal for crop planting. Firstly, Acacia species are ideal crop plants because their seed is sold cheaply in the country. Secondly, the seedlings of Acacia species can be raised easily and quickly because they grow relatively with little input. Lastly, Acacia species are ideal crop plans because they can grow in a variety of environments especially areas that are not adaptable for food crop production.
The species adapted to areas with limited nutrients and water. Griffin et al. (2011) agreed with Midgley and Breadle (2007) that Australian Acacias are useful for pulpwood, fuelwood, tannin, and solid wood. Acacia mangium (A. mangium) and Acacia auriculiformis (A. auriculiformis) produce pulp in Southeast Asia. The species are used for wood chip production and export of hardwood chips from Brazil and Vietnam. Countries in South America, Central America, and Southeast Asia grow Acacias in plantations for pulp production and export to India and China. Acacia plants are used for furniture production.
Midgley and Breadle (2007) reported that Acacia melanoxylon is used for producing furniture in Southeast Asia, Chile, South Africa, and New Zealand. The demand for these species in furniture production has increased over the years due to the decline in forest logs and the increased awareness of Acacias for light construction, plywood, flooring, and furniture. In addition, the high density of Acacia hybrids such as A. auriculiformis and mangium hybrid make it useful for making products that require strength.
Abari, A., Nasr, M., Hojjati, M., & Bayat, D. (2011). Salt effects on seed germination and seedling emergence of two Acacia species. African Journal of Plant Science, 5(1), 52-56.
Ajani, J. (2008). Australia’s transition from native forests to plantations: The implications for woodchips, pulp mills, tax breaks, and climate change. Agenda, 15, 21-28.
Ali, A., Akhtar, N., Khan, B., Khan, M., Rasul, A., Uz-Zaman, S., Khalid, N., Waseem, K., Mahmood, T., & Ali, L. (2012). Acacia nilotica: A plant of multipurpose medicinal uses. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 6(9), 1492-1496.
Diouf, D., Samba-Mbaye, R., Lesueur, D., Ba, A., Dreyfus, B., Lajudie, P., & Neyra, M. (2007). Genetic diversity of Acacia seyal Del. Rhizobial populations indigenous to Senegalese soils in relation to salinity and pH of the sampling sites. Microbial Ecology, 54, 553-566.
Bradshaw, C.J. (2012). Little left to lose Deforestation and forest degradation in Australia since European colonization. Journal of Plant Ecology, 5(1), 109-120.
Hardikar, S., & Pandey, A. (2008). Growth, water status and nutrient accumulation of seedlings of Acacia Senegal (L.) Willd. In response to soil salinity. Anales de Biologia, 30, 17-28.
Griffin, A., Midgley, S. J., Bush, D., Cunningham, P., & Rinaudo, A. (2011). Global uses of Australian acacias- The trends and future prospects. Diversity and Distributions, 17, 837-847.
Midgley, S., & Beadle, C. (2007). Tropical acacias an expanding market for solid wood. Acacia Utilization and Management: Adding Value: Proceedings of a Blackwood Industry Group Workshop, Victoria: Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation.
Ratnayake, K., & Joyce, D. (2010). Native Australian acacias: Unrealized ornamental potential. Chronica Horticulturae, 50, 19-22.
Soliman, A., Shanan, N., Massound, O., & Swelim, D. (2012). Improving salinity tolerance of Acacia saligna (Labill.) plant by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Rhizobium inoculation. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(5), 1259-1266.
Thrall, P., Bever, J., & Slattery, F. (2008). Rhizobial mediation of Acacia adaptation to soil salinity: Evidence of underlying trade-offs and tests of expected patterns. Journal of Ecology, 96(4), 746-755.