Positive Effect of Social Stories on Autism Spectrum Disorders – Literature review Example

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The paper “ Positive Effect of Social Stories on Autism Spectrum Disorders” is a fascinating variant of a literature review on education. Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been verified to be a neuro-developmental disorder that is characterized by impairments in the verbal and non-verbal communication and affects the social behavior of the patient (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) in this case, the children. It is also characterized by the following problems depression, anxieties, eating and sleeping disorders, aggression, tantrums, temper, self-injury, or attention issues (Gray 2005). With the above understanding of the disturbing characteristics of the disorders, proper and timely treatment is quite important in order to improve the outcomes (Marnie, 2005). There has been an increase in the number of students diagnosed with disorder.

A survey carried out in 2007, revealed that the typical prevalence of children with the disorder was approximately 1 child per 120 children. Children diagnosed with this disorder show uniquely personalities that are quite different from their age-mate (CDC 2010). This increasing in number of children suffering from ASD has indeed increased the necessity of providing the right interventions in order to help the students to make social and academic achievement.

There are various numbers of interventions that have been made available that promote, address the needs of the students (Craig, 2009). Over the past two decades, wide approaches to treatment have continued to be developed in an effort to remediate the main deficits that are associated with this disorder. Indeed, the interventions carried out vary widely. Some authors have noticed that since the early 1990s, social stories have been suggested to have encouraging effects on the behavior of children with autism spectrum disorder throughout the world (Mentor et al. , 2012). Social stories depict skills, condition or even notion in terms of perspectives, social cues and ordinary responses in a specifically define style.

The main goal of social stories is to accurately share social information with patients in a basically reassuring manner. Simply, they are short stories that are written for individuals that illustrate a particular activity and the specific manners expectations that are associated with the given activities. The social stories may be implemented through various methods; they may be read, by a nurse or independently, presented through video or audio equipment or programs (Craig, 2009).

An important component, despite the method used to present the stories, is the monitoring of the patient immediately the intervention has been introduced by the caregiver. The progress of the patient is usually monitored by the nurse on the basis of intensity and frequency of the main targeted behavior. Literature reviewMany authors have carried out various researches on how the use of social studies can have positive behavior on children with ASD. This review uses the researches to review how social stories may positive affect the behavior of 7 to 8 year old student suffering from the disorder.

Authors have written various literatures on the effect of social studies on students with ASD. Sansosti et al. , (2004) and Reynhout & Carter (2006) found that the significant effects of short stories on student with ASD have partial investigational control, are highly changeable and are regularly confounded by concurrent use of some other interventions. Frederickson and Ali (2006) discuss the way the popularity of the social stories has continued to rise irrespective of the limited explore base.

Their review mainly focused on the case study and the subject designs that gave affirmative effects from the standpoint of a doctor

References

Ali, S, & Frederickson, N. (2006). Investigating the evidence base of social stories, Educational Psychology in Practice, 22, 355-377

American Psychiatric Association (2000) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association

Andrews, S.M. (2005) Increasing game-playing skills and social comprehension in school-aged children with autism using social stories. Dissert Abstract International B: Sciences and Engineering 65(10-B): 538

Center for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities. (2010). Who many children have autism? Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/features/counting-autism.html(accessed 25 June 2011

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Craig, D. (2009). Action research essentials. New York: Jossey-Bass.

Crozier, S., & Tincani, M. (2005). Using a modified social story to decrease disruptive behavior of a child with autism. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 20, 150-157. Gray, C. A. (2000). The new social storybook. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons, Inc.

Crozier, S., & Tincani, M. (2007). Effects of social stories on prosocial behaviors of preschool children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 1803-1814.

Hanley-Hochdorfer, K., Bray, M. A., Kehle, T. J., & Elinoff, M. J. (2010). Social stories to increase verbal initiation in children with autism and as Asperger's disorder, School Psychology Review, 39, 484-492.

Marnie, S. (2005) ‘Special Education for Children with Autism’, Report to the chairman and ranking minority member, subcommittee on human rights and wellness, committee on government reform, house of representatives. Washington, DC: United States Government

Mentor, L., Elliot, D., Hulme, M., Lewin, J. & Lowden, J (2012) Guide to practitioner research in education. London: Routledge

Quirmbach, L.M. (2006) Social Stories: Mechanisms of Effectiveness in Increasing Social Skills, Social Skill Comprehension, Generalization and Maintenance of Newly Acquired Skills in School-Aged Children Diagnosed with Autism [dissertation], Ph.D., Alliant International University, San Diego, CA

Reynhout, G., & Carter, M. (2006). Social Stories for children with disabilities, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36, 445-469.

Sansosti, F. J., & Powell-Smith, K. A. (2006). Using social stories to improve the social behavior of children with Asperger syndrome, Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 8(1), 43-57.

Sansosti, F, Powell-Smith, K & Kincaid, D. (2004). A research synthesis of social story interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders, Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 19, 194-204.

Test, D, Richter, S., Knight, V., & Spooner, F. (2011). Comprehensive review and meta-analysis of the social stories literature, Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 26 (1), 49-62.

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