Investigation Into Attitudes Towards The Employment Of Women In Security Organisation:case Study A – Literature review Example
xxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Introduction Sex discrimination lawsuits havebeen brought by various Equal Employment Opportunity Commissions worldwide. Gender centred discrimination faced by female security guards has documented by various authors and scholars, argues that it manifests itself as a result of employers submitting to customer liking for male security personnel, thus reallocating women security personnel to inopportune, reduced remunerating posts (Louise, 15, 2001). In addition to financial discrimination, female security guards are discriminated in administrative and superintendent positions, provision of fringe reimbursements, training and traineeship platforms as well as, categorizing, and assigning personnel (Fibly, 27, 2010).
Women in Security Organisation
Guards LLC, is a chief supplier of security amenities in United Kingdom and United States, which was engaged in gender based discrimination, and as a result had to pay $52, 500 to settle the accusation (Rawlings, 3, 2002). According to Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, gender based discrimination prevailed in that a man and a woman who possessed similar expertise, effort, and accountability for the similar employer under alike circumstances received uneven pay. What amounts is the real work completed, and not position held or work labels (www.thamesvalley.police.uk).
Guards LLC was charged with submitting to customer inclination for male security personnel, eventually allocating their female counterparts to lower paying and inconvenient posts. In arriving at this settlement, the jury mutually agreed that customer inclination to be manned by workers of a specific sex is certainly not a justification to participate in illegal gender discrimination in the work environment (Yates, 47, 2001).
Women in Police and Armed Forces
Women endeavours to be accepted in security work doctrine traces there roots in 1883, when the metropolitan police employed a female guest to visit women prisoners on a permit and under police command, and three years well along, another visitor was appointed (Holmes, 15, 2001). As time progressed, more women were employed in these positions, but there existed significant aggression towards female visitors, for they were solitary trained in terms of harmful effects that the vulgar language, viciousness of prisoners would have on reputable women (www.kent‐police‐museum.co.uk).
Women’s Social and Political Union was formed in 1909, to advocate for better treatment of women in employment, which subsequently lead to Woman’s Hour of 1910, during which parliament failed to pass the first Resolution Bill, leading to a violent clash between police and suffragettes (www.south‐wales.police.uk/fe/master.asp?n1=8&n2=253&n3=330). The eve of this clash outbreak lead to a nationwide plea for special women constables, and two women were appointed. Women’s Police Volunteers Organisation was conceived at this time, which taught women in deliberate and unofficial basis (www.kent‐police‐museum.co.uk). In 1919, the Sex Disqualification Removal Act was enacted, which provided women with official ways of entry into security professions. Women police security officers’ conditions slightly improved, though there was no pressure to employee women. Numerous key sections of legislature have been approved since then, which make it illegal to discriminate against women ways such as pay, status, responsibilities among others as their male counterparts (www.bawp.org).
Study by the police foundation argues that in law enforcement and security are effective in that they accomplish like results when countering violent law-breaking situations, are appreciated by residents considerably as their male counterparts, have decent turnout records as men, and are less probable to participate in unprofessional conducts (Holmes, 17, 2001).
British Association for Women in Policing (2007) BAWP – The first 20 years
Rawlings, P (2002) Policing: A Short History. Willan Publishing: Devon. Pages 1-34
Westmarland, Louise (2001) Gender and Policing. Sex, power and Police Culture. Willan Publishing, Devon. Pages 15-65
Thane, P., & Filby, L. (2010). Unequal Britain: equalities in Britain since 1945. London, Continuum. Pages 23-33
Yates, C. A. B. (2001). Making it your economy: unions and economic justice. Toronto, CSJ Foundation for Research & Education. Page 47
Holmes, R., Alexandrou, A., & Bartle, R. (2000). Human resource management in the British armed forces: investing in the future. London, Frank Cass. Pages 2-16
www.thamesvalley.police.uk retrieved on 20th April at 1900 hours
www.bawp.org retrieved on 20th April 2013 at 1908 hours
www.kent‐police‐museum.co.uk retrieved on 20th April 2013 at 1915 hours
www.south‐wales.police.uk/fe/master.asp?n1=8&n2=253&n3=330 retrieved on 20th April 2013 at 1948 hours