The paper "Anthony Vidler’ s Third Typology" is a great example of a literature review on architecture. Typological thoughts, according to Yasemin (2007), are a way of thinking that does refer to neither age nor place. Anthony Vidler’ s essay, “ The Third Typology, ” introduces the reader to a series of subsequent typologies in history that serves to legitimize the evolution of architecture. In keeping with Vidler, the initial typology emerged at the same time with Newton’ s laws of early 1800 and brought about the ideal architectural genealogy derived from natural forces and originating from “ medieval primitive shelter. ” In his third typology, Vidler begins by explaining, the first typology; he clarifies it as a way of comprehension where architecture began as a field of imitation of nature with the perspective of coming up with an analogy between the natural and the artificial- man-made.
The first topology was the first habitation in the history of mankind and it was close to nature (Cuthbert, 2006). Vidler’ s second typology coincided with the mass-production and evolution of machines in the second industrial revolution. Unlike the first typology which complied with the order of nature, the second typology usurped the nature of the machine and evolved efficiently and systematically.
This essay analyzes to details the 1977 third topology by Vidler Anthony. Vidler third typology Vidler according to Ellin (1999) identifies the emergence of the third typological system which is in and of itself. He argues that a typology is derived from; the temperament of the city itself drained of particular social content from any moment and allowed to speak plainly of its formal condition. According to Ellin (1999), the third typology is founded on the continuity of appearance and history via recomposition of ‘ fragments’ .
The third typology builds on the mounted up space-form familiarity of the city. Ellin (1999) argues that the framework established by Vidler allows for experimentation within the rise of the suburban allocation using “ typology as a resourceful method of architecture. ” Ellin (1999) further argues that the superimposition of new market structures that are adaptive and programmable as well as, the localization of urban life allows for anticipation of alternative architecture for suburbia. Conventionally, in the dwelling, ideas associated with collective have often been expressed in types, at the level of an individual and at the level of urbanism.
This idea is not as normal as it used to be. In the renowned essay by Vidler “ The Third Typology, ” there is a definite distinction between three types of architecture and urban typologies. Vidler (2013) notes that there is one that is dated from the 18th century, which tries to take back architecture to its natural origins i. e. Laugiers primitive huts, remain an example. Vidler (2013) also notes that the chaotic Paris that existed in the forest during those days; where the ideal city would be a garden-making Andre le Nostre and Versailles would remain as the ideal urbanist.
Vidler (2013) also notes that the second typology dated the 19th century and belonged to the industrial revolution. An example of the second typology was Bentham’ s Panopticon – a contraption that makes up behavior. This typology is also related to nature, it came with the emergence of ideal types that came at the end of the evolutionary chain, which could be speeded up by industrial production.
Aureli, Pier V. 2011. City as Political Form: Four Archetypes of Urban Transformation’, Architectural Design, Typological Urbanism
Cuthbert, A. 2006. The form of cities' political economy and urban design. Malden, MA Oxford: Blackwell Pub.
Ellin, N. 1999. Postmodern urbanism. New York: Princeton Architectural Press.
Hays, K. 1998. Architecture theory since 1968. Cambridge, Mass: The MIT Press.
Larice, M. & Macdonald, E. 2013. The urban design reader. Abingdon, Oxon New York: Routledge.
Vidler, A. 1987. From the Hut to the Temple: Quatremère de Quincy and the Idea of Type’, in The Writing of the Walls: Architectural Theory in the Late Enlightenment. New York: Princet on Architectural Press, p. 147-64
Vidler, A. 2013. The third typology and other essays. Barnsley: Seaforth Publishing.
Yaari, M. 2008. Rethinking the French city: architecture, dwelling, and display after 1968. Amsterdam New York, NY: Rodopi.
Yasemin D. 2007. Type and typology in architectural discourse. Retrieved from: http://fbe.balikesir.edu.tr/dergi/20071/BAUFBE2007-1-1.pdf