The paper "Analysis of Fundamental Theology' is a good example of a literature review on religion and theology. Dermot Lane, an Irish theologist has put down his views regarding Christian reflection, and his magnum opus actually revolves around three things in “ The Experience of God” , Experience, God, and Theology. He considers this issue as one of the most crucial which is often faced and ignored by the men and women of today’ s era. One of the two dimensions on which he emphasizes his focus is the exposure of God and the response of a common person towards it.
He stresses the need for such imagination, effective for a common catholic so that he can build and enhance his faith on the pillars of the human spirit which breaks boundaries, advances knowledge, and expands horizons. He argues that creative imagination is automatically enforced when instructs itself out of the past and not in disregard of history or tradition. According to Dermot Lane: “ Theology, from beginning to end, is about the critical unpacking of the revelation of God that takes place in human experience. ” (p.
15) Lane’ s approach is to identify God, he characterizes by suggesting and examining different techniques that take us to the threshold for proving the existence of God. In dealing with this phenomenon he assembles and judges different approaches, like when he discusses the “ proof” approach, he likely discusses the rudiment dilemma with this approach is that “ God” is examined critically on behalf of “ proofs” and on finding no “ proofs” , God is reduced to the extent of a modal status. As far as he talks about the history, he emphasizes upon the particular challenge for the Churches to develop a new imaginative framework which, as Lane puts it, is able to express and hold in existence the reality of a Christian faith that is at least inclusive, historically self-conscious and pluralist. As he suggests in “ Experience of God” : “ Obviously a real difference exists between claiming that theology is related to human experience and holding that theology is simply an outgrowth of human experience. ” (p.
18) There are often conflicts with the multiplication of theologies. Even if their relationship is not strictly conflictual, to whatever extent they are calls to reorganize all theology from a particular perspective, they are necessarily in tension with one another.
Dermot A. Lane, (2003), The Experience of God: An Invitation to Do Theology. 2nd revised edition. New York: Paulist.
John B. Cobb, Jr, The Role of Theology of Nature in the Church. Available from http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=2316
Peter C. Phan, Georgetown University. A Roman Catholic Perspective
Tillich, Paul. (1956), The Dynamics of Faith. New York: Harper and Brothers