The paper "Impacts of Smartphones on the Society" is a good example of a literature review on technology. The convergence of computing and communication for portable consumer gadgets continues to evolve in order to bring interoperability, as well as influence the functions and services of all industries. In the process of convergence, smartphones form the top devices on the forefront taking on the role of the collective mobile terminal. In the field of marketing, the term ‘ Smartphone’ was launched in the market to refer to a new type of mobile phones, which provides incorporated services from computing, communication, and mobile services including messaging, voice communication, and wireless communication capacity (Zheng & Ni, 2006). According to Sarwar and Soomro (2013), a Smartphone refers to a mobile phone that has advanced functionality and features past traditional functionalities, such as making calls and sending messages.
Smartphones have the capabilities of displaying photos, playing games and videos, video and audio playback, recording, as well as sending and receiving e-mail. They have a built-in camera and incorporated apps for surfing the internet and accessing social web sites.
Due to these features and functions, smartphones have now turned out to be a common preference for consumers together with business uses, since it was at first designed for exclusive business use. This essay will talk about the introduction and uses of smartphones. It will also cover ideologies surrounding smartphones, audiences aligned with them, and their impact on existing media and on the society at large. History of Smartphones Osman et al. (2012) assert that the word “ smartphone” first appeared in 1997 when Ericsson’ s GS 88 Penelope was described as a Smartphone.
The initial cellular phone incorporating PDA features was a prototype made by IBM in 1992, which was demonstrated in the COMDEX trade fair. In 1994, BellSouth marketed a refined edition of IBM’ s prototype to consumers, which was named Simon Personal Communicator. The device was capable of making and receiving phone calls, and receiving and sending e-mails, pages, and facsimiles. Simon had a number of applications including a calculator, address book, electronic note pad, predictive and standard touch screen keyboards, handwritten annotations, and games. Nokia launched its Nokia 9000 in 1996, which led to the market.
The device was a palmtop computer-design phone that incorporated a PDA made by HP (Osman et al. 2012). At the beginning of 2001, Kyocera 6035 was introduced by Palm Inc. The gadget combined mobile phone and a PDA, operated using Verizon Wireless network, and supported minimal web browsing. Kyocera 6035 was used mainly in North America. From 2002 to 2004, HTC’ s Falcon, Himalaya, and Wallaby models, which ran the operating system for Windows Mobile, became popular in Europe. HP released iPaq h6315 in 2004, which combined its former PDA with cellular ability.
In recent years, more advanced types of smartphones have been introduced by various mobile device manufacturers, such as Samsung Galaxy and Apple’ s iPhone series (Osman et al. , 2012). The Initial and Current Use and Significance of Smartphones According to Sarwar and Soomro (2013), recent surveys demonstrate that smartphones’ popularity is rising at a higher pace among the general public than in corporations. When smartphones were first introduced in the market, they were simply perceived to be used in carrying out business activities by commercial entities because of their applications and cost.
However, at present, society is a frantic Smartphone society, which is flooded with smartphones from different mobile gadgets’ companies, which offer a variety of advanced services and functionalities. Sarwar and Soomro (2013) further maintain that today, smartphones allow consumers, publishers, business organizations, and advertisers to better engage with others, and socialize using the ever-present experience provided by this advanced platform. In the business field, income statements revolve around the operating expenses and revenues. Due to the ever-present nature, as well as social acceptance, smartphones can now be found in educational institutions, public places, government offices, shopping malls, and hospitals.
Branigan, T. (2010, May 7). Chinese workers link sickness to n-hexane and Apple iPhone screens. The Guardian.
Drill, S. L. (2012). Reaching Extension Audiences through Mobile Computing. Journal of Extension, 50 (5), 11-28.
Evans, B. (2013, March 15). Smartphones Are Eating the World. Technology Review.
Kumar, M. (2011). Impact of the Evolution of Smart Phones in Education Technology and its Application in Technical and Professional Studies: Indian Perspective. International Journal of Managing Information Technology, 3 (3), 1109.
Lalji, N. (2007). The Resource Curse Revised: Conflict and Coltan in the Congo. Harvard International Review.
Osman, M. A., Talib, A. Z., Sanusi, Z. A., Shiang-Yen, T., & Sani, A. (2012). A Study of the Trend of Smartphone and its Usage Behaviour in Malaysia. International Journal on New Computer Architectures and Their Applications, 2 (1), 274-285.
Sarwar, M., & Soomro, T. R. (2013). Impact of Smartphones on Society. European Journal of Scientific Research, 98 (2), 216-226.
World Labour. (2010, April 13). Taiwan: Young Fast accepts fines for labour violation. Retrieved November 15, 2013, from http://www.worldlabour.org/eng/node/329
Wyatt, T. H., & Krauskopf, P. (2012). E-health and Nursing: Using Smartphones to Enhance Nursing Practice. Online Journal of Nursing Informatics, 16 (2), 1706.
Zheng, P., & Ni, L. (2006). Smart Phone and Next Generation Mobile Computing. Oxford: Elsevier Inc.