Why the Australian Public Perceptions with Regard to Asylum Seekers Is Inclined to Be Negative – Literature review Example

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The paper “ Why the Australian Public Perceptions with Regard to Asylum Seekers Is Inclined to Be Negative? ” is an  excellent example of a literature review on sociology. The complexity and magnitude of the issues that arise from the flow of asylum seekers worldwide pose enormous challenges for the destination countries across the globe, which includes Australia. Australia is universally struggling to maintain a balance between offering protection to displaced persons and controlling its national borders. According to Phillips (2011), asylum seekers are people searching for international protection but their claim for refugee status is yet to be determined.

In Australia, scores of asylum seekers, especially adults experience indefinite and prolonged detention under the country’ s mandatory detention laws. A number of asylum seekers were sometimes sent by the Australian government to the offshore detention facilities in Papua New Guinea as well as Nauru where they cannot access the determination process of refugee status (Phillips & Spinks, 2013).   Even though the government closed some of these facilities, the offshore processing of asylum seekers is still taking place on Christmas Island. The government sometimes offers Temporary Protection Visas to the asylum seekers, which normally lasts for 36 months; thus, prevents the asylum seekers from bringing their family in Australia.

In consequence, a number of asylum seekers have been separated from their family for many years; thus, leaving them traumatised (Baraitser, 2014). Besides that, asylum-seekers are labelled as ‘ queue-jumpers’ or ‘ people-smugglers’ , and this has consequently made the public to negatively perceive the asylum seekers. Early in the 1990s, asylum seekers travelling by boat were considered to be dangerous and a threat to Australians, lifestyle and resources, since their entrance to Australia was unauthorised (Donegan, 2015).

The government is yet to dispel the misinformation about asylum seekers. The critical essay seeks to discuss why the problem of asylum seekers is an issue in Australia. Main BodyAccording to Spinks (2013), there are numerous challenges that asylum seekers face when they settle in the destination country. A number of them have spent scores of years in detention or refugee camps, and most find it challenging to access healthcare (Davidsona & Carr, 2010). Majority of asylum seekers are from low-income countries that are plagued with different types of diseases such as HIV/AIDS, TB as well as Hepatitis B.

Before moving to a different country, asylum seekers normally lose their income, housing, social position, cultural norms, social support systems, employment, language and religious customs. The majority of them have consequently suffered psychological trauma because of separation or death of a family member. They hardly know the whereabouts of friends or family, or even whether they are dead or alive. Others find it challenging to adjust to the new life following a lengthy period as persons in exile.

Asylum seekers in Australia normally face antagonism when they try to integrate with the new communities. Other issues that they face include grief and loneliness (Strijk, van Meijel, & Gamel, 2011). Health IssuesWithout a doubt, the problem of asylum seekers is an issue because their high priority conditions include domestic violence and abuse, adjustment and anxiety disorder, torture, diabetes, depression, as well as dental caries [ (Swinkels, Pottie, Tugwell, Rashid, & Narasiah, 2011). Some asylum seekers are educated, but with high rates of coronary artery disease, hypertension, and other diseases (Dookeran, Battaglia, Cochran, & Geltman, 2010).

Some of the asylum seekers create health burden for Australia, because of the different types of diseases they came with from their home countries. Some asylum seekers have a high risk of complicated grief, Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression or mental illness. When their immigration status is unclear, most of the asylum seekers experience psychological distress. Torturing asylum seekers according to Bandeira, Higson-Smith, Bantjes, and Polatin (2010) is an on-going medical issue that normally results in pain and sometimes disabilities. The majority of asylum seekers do not have medical records or history and are normally subjected to public health screening when they arrive in Australia instead of individual risk factors as well as the severe deprivation conditions which they face while travelling to Australia.

Therefore, at the time of the determination process, accessing the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) and Medicare becomes challenging. The medication costs in the community have become a national issue. Besides that, health professionals do not understand some of the asylum seekers’ health issues and diseases.

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