A Few Lexical Items that are Used in Aviation – Literature review Example

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The paper "A Few Lexical Items that are Used in Aviation" is a perfect example of a literature review on social science.   Communication is an important process in any human activity. Diction, the word choice by the participants in a speech activity to a great extent affects the effectiveness of communication. It, therefore, follows that the speakers must converse in a language that is intelligible to other participants if effective communication is to be achieved. Every other technical or professional field has a list of defining terminology that is used in the profession.

In linguistics, such words can be subjected to study in order to ascertain the technique employed in order to come up with such words. Word formation can be contrasted with the semantic change in such a scenario, although the difference between the two processes is difficult to define, as a novel lexical item qualifies to be considered as a novel word realized from the initial lexical item, and there could be a point of overlap in form. This research proposal seeks to find out a few lexical items that are used in aviation, and ascertain whether the words conform to the norms of word-formation processes, as posed by the research questions, as well as ascertain the research hypotheses, and determine the validity of the research variables. Literature review Various ways are used to generate English lexical items.

Most of the words conform to these ways of word-formation. The common ways of forming English words used in the field of aviation are herein discussed. Compounding Hamawand (2011) says that in compounding, lexical items are formed by way of joining 2 or more words (root morphemes), and the derivatives are compound words or compounds.

Native compounds derive from native roots, which are originally English and they are always identified as free morphemes. These free morphemes have the ability to stand alone semantically. For instance; Airport Air cargo Arrival area Such compounds are made from words that occur in speech independent of the completing morphemes. The airport is a combination of Air and port, just like Air cargo and Arrival Area are made out of Air and cargo, and Arrival and Area respectively. As opposed to English native roots, Latin and Greek native roots do not necessarily stand alone.

This implies that compound words with words of Latin or Greek origin are realized as bound morphemes that cannot stand alone. This feature of bound roots retains in English compounds that are made out morphemes of either Latin or Greek origin, through borrowing. Example The photograph is derived from two roots, photo, and graph. However, According to Hamawand (2011), compound words can be represented in three various ways orthographically. They can be written with a hyphen separating the lexical items, a space separating the elements or be combined as a single lexical item.

However, the form in which the compound is represented does not any effect on the status of the word as a compound. Examples; Air cargo - Separated by a space, to denote cargo that is transported by an airplane. Take-off - separated by a hyphen, to refer to the action of the plane departing from the ground.


Bauer, L. (2004). English word-formation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hamawand, Z. (2011). Morphology in English: Derivational and compound word formation in cognitive grammar. London: Continuum.

Hilpert, M. (2013). Constructional change in English: Developments in allomorphy, word

the formation, and syntax.

Muehleisen, S. (2010). Heterogeneity in word-formation patterns: A corpus-based analysis of suffixation with -ee and its productivity in English. Amsterdam, the Netherlands: John Benjamins Pub. Co.

Plag, I. (2003). Word-formation in English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rossing, A. G. H. (2004). Aviation terminology, definitions, and abbreviations. The Hague: Sdu Uitgevers.

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