Reducing the Risk of Reoffending in Young Offenders – Literature review Example

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The paper "Reducing the Risk of Reoffending in Young Offenders" is a good example of a literature review on sociology. In the United States, there exists a tendency for people to explain elements of day to day life in individualistic ways. However, one’ s individual circumstances cannot be adequately understood in isolation but are usually impacted by larger social processes. Therefore, most sociologists hold that explanations of divorce cannot be understood as ones’ individual problem or one individual’ s fault but rather they both emerge from and reflect deeper social problems in society as a whole.

Sociologists view divorce as a societal problem that is shaped by both internal and external factors. Sociologists focus mainly on human interrelations, entailing the way social relationships impact an individual’ s attitudes and the way societies change and form. They focus their studies on the way society and people affect other people since social or external factors shape the majority of personal experiences. The social forces subsist in the type of interpersonal relationships among friends and family and also among individuals encountered in economic, religious and political institutions.

The sociological imagination is the capability to see the influence of social forces on individual’ s public and private lives. The sociological imagination is needed to understand the society within an individual level, along with forces that shape human behaviour (Mill, 2000). Sociological perspectives on divorce Sociology of family stresses the transforming trends of social institutions such as marriage, kinship and family in the transforming context of a society that might differ from one society to another. According to Macionis (2007), marital interruptions in the process of desertion, divorce and separation are very significant subject matters being studied in the sociologist of family.

Each society supports and accepts marriage institutions stoutly. In modern society, sociologists view marriage as a source of satisfaction, entertainment and support to the married couple. Nevertheless, marriage at times breakdown or falls highly at the modern context. The breakdown of marriage and the consequent divorce is not a matter of misunderstanding between the wife and the husband; it occurs due to social, economic and cultural factors in the society. From the functional perspective, divorce, as a behaviour, is highly responsive to shared values and norms.

It thus, demonstrates that a transformation in the extent of marriage breakdown is to a similar degree a reflection of the transforming values and norms in general, and particularly those connected with divorce and marriage. Durkheim (1938) argues that from the functional perspective, divorce is happening in the society due to the adoptive procedure of partners who belong s to diverse socio-economic backgrounds along with discrepancy of their anticipations.

References

Macionis, J., 2007, Sociology, Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Australian Bureau of Statistics, (2000). Special article: lifetime marriage formation and marriage dissolution patterns in Australia, Marriage and Divorces, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra.

Amato, R., & Previti, D., 2003, People’s reasons for divorce: Gender, social class, the life course and adjustment, Journal of Family Issues, 24, 602-626.

Baxter, J., 2005, To marry or not to marry: marital status and the household division of labour, Journal of Family Issues, 26, 300-312.

Baxter, J., (2003). Families and households, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Hassan, R., Dowrick, S., & McAllister, I., 2003, The Cambridge Handbook of Social Sciences in Australia, Cambridge University Press, Australia:

Baxter, J., Western, M., & Hewitt, B., 2005, Post-familial families and the domestic division of labour: A view from Australia, Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 36, 583-600.

Beck-Gernshein, E., 2002, Reinventing the family: in search of new lifestyles, Cambridge: Polity Press.

Norris, K., & Bradbury, B., 2005, Income and separation, Journal of Sociology, 41, 425-446.

Call, A., & Heaton, B., 2002, Religious influence on marital stability, Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 36, 382-392.

De Vaus, A., 2002, Australian family profiles: social and demographic patterns, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne.

De Vaus, A., 2004, Diversity and change in Australian families: Statistical profiles, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Melbourne.

Finlay. A., 2005, To have but not to hold: a history of attitudes to marriage and divorce in Australia, The Federation Press, Sydney.

Blake, M., & Heaton, B., 1999, Gender differences in determinants of marital disruption, Journal of Family Issues, 20, 25-45.

Mill, W., (2000). The sociological imagination, Oxford University Press, USA.

Durkheim, E., 1938, The Rules of Sociological Method, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

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