Analysis Inland Cover at the Aral Sea – Literature review Example

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The paper "Analysis Inland Cover at the Aral Sea " is a great example of a literature review on geography. The Aral Sea is the region occupied by the terminal lake in Central Asia and has been continuously undergone filling and impacts of human activities that have affected the natural water in various ways. It is a sea that is shared by seven countries: such as Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Iran and Turkmenistan. The total area occupied by the sea is estimated to be 1,549,000 km2.

The existence of a number of human activities such as irrigation and the changes in weather are some contributing factors to the deterioration of the lake. This paper presents a literature review of the challenges experienced at the Aral Sea by focusing on the changes in land cover that have been observed, the impacts of weather and the role of remote sensing in understanding the changes in land cover that have been observed in the Aral Sea. In addition, it presents the contribution of a number of human activities in the deterioration of the Aral Sea region.

Finally, the paper explains the changes that have taken place in the Aral Sea region. In order to achieve a better understanding of the literature review, the paper investigates 18 articles that focus on the selected themes. The arguments of the articles are compared and contrasted with the literature review to provide a better understanding of the themes. Discussion Change in Land Cover in the Aral Sea The main changes that have been observed in land cover at the Aral Sea include: increased Stalinization that has created an unsuitable condition for the growth of vegetation, salt pick-ups in the watersheds and increased Stalinization of the adjacent rivers have threatened the growth of vegetation.

According to the article by Alles (24), that illustrates the increase in salinity of the land and rivers that flow into the Aral Sea to have affected the growth of aquatic vegetation and plants that grow near the Sea by preventing their growth and enhancing soil erosion. This is similar to the article by Warner (15) who illustrates that erosion and sedimentation of the areas around rivers that flow into the Aral Sea have affected the quality of the soil thus threatening the growth of vegetation.

This article also states that soil erosion has resulted in the deforestation of the upper watershed and overgrazing in the mountain regions and the performance of the basin water regulation has been greatly affected. In contrast, the article by Sommer, Rolf, et al. (280), illustrates that the main factor that has contributed to increased impacts on vegetation around the Aral Sea is human activities such as the use of fertilizers that have enhanced salinity of the soil thus creating unsuitable conditions for the growth of crops. Impact of Weather on Water There has been an increasingly diminishing of the wetlands and biodiversity around the Aral Sea.

Drying of the deltas has considerably contributed to the reduction of the area covered by the lakes, wetlands and the reed cover of the shores of the sea. Weather conditions in the mountainous regions that act as the origins of water such as the preservation of glaciers and the flow of glacial waters into the rivers, increased erosion of the slopes of mountains and destruction of mountainous forests have promoted the sedimentation of the Aral Sea and reduction of the total area covered by water.

It has also contributed to a reduction in its depth. These arguments are supported by those of Hummel (13), who explains that one of the contributing factors to the drying of the sea and increased desertification is the increase in strong winds that increase the blowing of sands and salt particles from the bottom of the area covered by the sea, which has become barren and approached desert characteristics with an area estimated to be 50,000 km2.

References

Abdelazim, Ibrahim A. "Effect of environmental factors on an ovarian reserve of women living in Aral Sea area." Journal of Infertility and Reproductive Biology 3.1 (2015): 145-149.

Alles, David L. "The Aral Sea." Western Washington University, web paper at http://fire. biol. wwu. edu/trent/alles/AralSea. pdf" last updated 11.4 (2011): 11.

Cretaux, Jean-François, René Letolle, and Muriel Bergé-Nguyen. "History of Aral Sea level variability and current scientific debates." Global and Planetary Change 110 (2013): 99-113.

Duarte, Paulo. "Central Asia: the Planet's Pivot area." Revista Española de Relaciones Internacionales 6 (2014): 159-206.

Dubovyk, Olena, et al. "Spatio-temporal analyses of cropland degradation in the irrigated lowlands of Uzbekistan using remote-sensing and logistic regression modeling." Environmental monitoring and assessment 185.6 (2013): 4775-4790.

Hummel, Sarah J. "Flexibility in Targeted Goods Provision: International Cooperation over Resource Management in Post-Soviet Central Asia." (2015).

Izhitskiy, A. S., et al. "On thermohaline structure and circulation of the Western Large Aral Sea from 2009 to 2011: Observations and modeling."Journal of Marine Systems 129 (2014): 234-247.

Klein, Igor, et al. "Evaluation of seasonal water body extents in Central Asia over the past 27 years derived from medium-resolution remote sensing data." International Journal of

Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation26 (2014): 335-349.

Kotte, K., et al. "Organohalogen emissions from saline environments–spatial extrapolation using remote sensing as a most promising tool." Biogeosciences9.3 (2012): 1225-1235.

Krivonogov, S. K., et al. "The fluctuating Aral Sea: A multidisciplinary-based history of the last two thousand years." Gondwana Research 26.1 (2014): 284-300.

Krutov, Anatoly, Sulton Rahimov, and Anvar Kamolidinov. "Republic of Tajikistan: Its Role in the Management of Water Resources in the Aral Sea Basin." River Basin Management in the Twenty-first Century: Understanding People and Place. CRC Press (this book) (2014): 325-345.

Löw, F., et al. "Remote-sensing-based analysis of landscape change in the desiccated seabed of the Aral Sea—a potential tool for assessing the hazard degree of dust and salt

storms." Environmental monitoring and assessment185.10 (2013): 8303-8319.

Micklin, Philip, Nikolay Aladin, and Igor Plotnikov, eds. The Aral Sea: The Devastation and Partial Rehabilitation of a Great Lake. Vol. 10178. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.

Micklin, Philip, Nikolay Aladin, and Igor Plotnikov, eds. The Aral Sea: The Devastation and Partial Rehabilitation of a Great Lake. Vol. 10178. Springer Science & Business Media, 2013.

Shi, Wei, Menghua Wang, and Wei Guo. "Long‐term hydrological changes of the Aral Sea observed by satellites." Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 119.6 (2014): 3313-

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Sima, S., A. Ahmadalipour, and M. Tajrishy. "Mapping surface temperature in a hypersaline lake and investigating the effect of temperature distribution on the lake evaporation." Remote Sensing of Environment 136 (2013): 374-385.

Sommer, Rolf, et al. "Economic-ecological optimization model of land and resource use at farm-aggregated level." Cotton, Water, Salts and Soums. Springer Netherlands, 2012. 267-283.

Spivak, L., et al. "Dynamics of dust transfer from the desiccated Aral Sea bottom analyzed by remote sensing." Aralkum-a Man-Made Desert. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012. 97-106.

Warner, Koko. "Environmental change and migration: methodological considerations from a ground-breaking global survey." Population and Environment 33.1 (2011): 3-27.

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