The paper "Analytical Chemistry: Today's Definition and Interpretation" is a great example of a literature review on chemistry. Š tulí k & Zý ka (1992, p. 833) in their definition give more emphasis on the multidisciplinary nature of analytical science in their conceptualization. According to them, analytical chemistry entails application and experimentation in the discipline of natural science. Nevertheless, they note that the discipline is not only anchored on chemistry but also physics, biology, information theory, and other fields of technology. Equally, they indicate that the ultimate premise of analytical chemistry is to offer insight into the chemical composition of natural & synthetic matters and the changes in these compositions over space and time.
A more detailed that narrows the chemical analysis process is offered by Zuckerman (1992). According to Zuckerman (1992, p. 817), analytical studies “ studies, and works out methods, rules, and laws for analytical cognition including rules for the chemical interpretation of analytical observation and measurement. ” Koch (1992, p. 821) conceptualizes analytical chemistry as a discipline that embraces standards of analytical measurements so as to churn out information about chemical systems or to help in solving chemical problems.
Hence, it is clear that the discipline or the process is a multidisciplinary engagement. From his definition, two themes emerge out of the term analytical chemistry. The first premise is that of information science where the analysis process is used to generate information about chemical systems. Secondly, from the applied and practical paradigm, the process is a means towards problem-solving based on the information generated. Veress, Vass & Pungor (1987, p. 317) frames the discussion on what analytical chemistry is by using a systems approach analogy. They equate analytical chemical methods to analytical chemical systems.
In this regard, the function of a chemical system offers insight or analytical information about the chemical composition of a given material that is derived from analytical chemical correlation. The analytical information outlines the properties of the material and its chemical makeup. Analytical correlation as the basis of analytical information entails analytical chemical acquisition and analytical inference. As such analytical chemical acquisition includes memorization of retention curves and calculation of the calibration curve. Additionally, Veress, Vass & Pungor (1987, p. 317) notes that chemical correlation which is the basis of deriving analytical chemical information is integral in gaining insights about the analytical chemical acquisition and analytical inference.
Hence, the analytical chemical acquisition helps in deriving analytical chemical knowledge from the established chemical information and observed analytical information. Within the context of the input-output framework, analytical knowledge explains the correlation between chemical and analytical information. In this regard, the input is the known chemical information and the output is the observed chemical information. Examples of analytical chemical knowledge include retention time data bank and calibration line.
On the other hand, the analytical chemical inference is integral in establishing desired chemical information based on the observed analytical information using analytical chemical knowledge. 2.0 How can it be useful for society? There are various processes that involve chemical processes and chemical engineering at various levels of society with the critical concern being at an industrial level. Thus, analytical chemistry is integral to various aspects of human life. This section outlines certain segments of the economy where analytical chemistry can be useful. This section examines the usefulness of the process of attaining sustainable development.