The paper "Alcohol-Related Harm in Australia " is a great example of a literature review on health sciences and medicine. The current society has attached more value to alcohol compared to the previous generation. According to Roche et al. (2009), alcohol is not just a commodity that causes intoxication; society has turned it into something with cultural and symbolic meaning. In most advertisements, it is on the same level as milk, bread, or orange juice without any consideration of its harmful effects. According to the author, it is an integral part of Australian society; it is an important economic commodity in terms of revenue to an economy, and lastly, it is a major contributor to preventable illness and death.
The author notes a significant variation in the biological response to alcohol depending on body size, gender, and composition, age, the experience of drinking, genetics, nutrition, and an individual’ s metabolism. The author attributes relaxation, wellbeing, and loss of inhibitions as the immediate effects of alcohol use. Alcohol-related harm affects a given population disproportionately, according to the Royal College Faculty of Public Health (2016), the same factors are usually related to being either a perpetrator or victim of this violence.
These include increased alcohol consumption, genetic traits, and a given environment making the group most at risk as men aged between 16 to 29 years. Most affected people include unemployed youth with high levels of alcohol consumption and those who regularly visit pubs and nightclubs. According to a demographic study of Australia’ s population, as of 2013 according to McCrindle (2013), there were 4,280,322 youth between the ages of 12 to 25 which is 18.6 % of the total population.
Of this number, males comprise 51.4% while females 48.7% of the total youth population. According to the author in the period between 2020 to 2028 population in Australia is projected to increase by 60% however the youth population will decrease. By 2028 there will, therefore, be more people aged 60 than aged under 20 this is based on the fact that in 2013 25% of the population is under 20, and 19.6% of the population is over 60 while in 2008 26% of the population was under 20 years, and 18.5% of the population was over 60 years.
Australian Bureau of Statistics. 2011-2012. Crime Victimization, Australia. Retrieved from http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@nsf/lookup/4530.0Main+Features12011-12?OpenDocument.
Dennis, G. 2009. Substance misuse Intervention programs: what works? Journal of National Drug Research Institute. Curtin University of Technology. 00301J. 2-14.
Dennis, G and Edward, W. 2010. Reducing alcohol and other drug related harm. Journal of Closing the Gap .No. 3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Melbourne: Australian Institute of Family Studies.
Goh, D., and Moffat, S. 2008. New South Wales Recorded Crime Statistics 2007. NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research. Attorney General’s Department, Sydney.
Kieran, A and Reynato, R. 2010. Australia’s Youth Matters. Young people talk about what’s important to them. Australian Youth Affairs Coalition. NSW.
Laslett, A., Catalano, P., Chikritzhs et al .(2010). The Range and Magnitude of Alcohol’s Harm to others. Fitzroy, Victoria: AER Centre for Alcohol Policy Research, Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, Eastern Health.
McCrindle Research. 2013. Demographic Analysis of Youth in Australia. Social Analysis. NSW Australia. Pg.1
Morgan, M. 2009. Key issues in alcohol related violence. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse. 2016. Alcohol, Violence, and Aggression. Retrieved from http://pubs.njaa.hih.gov/publications/aa38.htm
National institute on Alcohol Abuse. 2016. Youth Drinking: Risk factors and consequences. Retrieved from http://pubs.njaa.hih.gov/publications/aa37.htm
Tanya, C., Richard, P., and Paul, J. 2004. Under-aged Drinking among 14-17 year olds and related Harms in Australia. Journal of National Drug Research Institute. No. 7. Curtin University, WA.
The 2005 Australian Secondary Students’ Alcohol and Drug Survey.
Roche, A., Bywood, P., Freeman, T., Pidd, K., Borlagdan, J., and Trifonoff, A .2009. The social Context of Alcohol Use in Australia. Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction.
Roche, A., Watt, K., MacClure, R., Purdie, D .2001. Injury and alcohol: A hospital emergency department study. Drug and alcohol review, 20 157-168.
Royal College Faculty of Public Health. (2005). Alcohol and Violence. Journal of Faculty of Public Health of Royal College of Physicians of the United Kingdom. Andrew’s Place. 1-3.