The paper "Airline Pilots Commuting and Its Effects on Fatigue" is a wonderful example of a literature review on social science. In this chapter, the main focus is on reviewing the relevant studies that have been done concerning commuting and fatigue among airline pilots in different airports and countries. In this research, the paper will concentrate on a systematic literature review from peer-reviewed journals, experiments, and reports from different organizations in the airline transport systems as well as publications from different sources. In air transport, pilots are required to have a high level of alertness in order to ensure the safety of passengers.
The fatal accidents in the transport sector include air accidents, which are caused by various reasons. Among the causes of air transport accidents is fatigue among pilots. The lifestyles of pilots differ depending on individual reasons and professional reasons. This means that some pilots experience fatigue, which results from commuting to work every morning or every time they are reporting to work (Trumbull, 2013). According to Cooke (2011), some pilots commute to work for various reasons, which include economic or social reasons.
However, the lifestyle of an individual pilot may affect the performance of the work of the pilot. This means that some pilot’ s lifestyles such as commuting to work make them experience muscle fatigue which has undesirable effects on job performance. Commuting in a human being is one of the activities which are associated with the fatigue of the human body. This is because commuting involves several muscles of the body hence weakens the ability of these muscles to function properly. In order to ensure the safety of passengers, the pilot and his or her assistants should be free from any disturbances that arise from any cause.
However, the tiredness of crew members has been found to be one of the factors that cause aircraft accidents in the world. Commuting is associated with the fatigue of the body. Commuting in human beings decreases the life span of the individual. Commuting raises safety concerns in the aviation industry. This is because commuting in pilots is associated with a lack of enough sleep among pilots. This is because commuting pilots are perceived to be tired due to long travel distances.
These distances make their body and mind tired. There are a number of aircraft accidents that are associated with fatigue in commuting pilots (National Research Council, 2011). Factors Associated with Commuting in Pilots There are various factors as to why pilots use alternative means to commute to work. Some commute to work using bicycles while others walk on their feet. This means that they are not in a position to hire a vehicle so that they can be driven comfortably to work.
According to Cooke (2011), pilots commute to work in other to be able to live and save enough money due to hard economies. This means that the pilots commute to work because they are not able to afford to buy a car or because the cost of living is high such that they have to use public means of cycles or walk to work. Moreover, most of the airlines are situated in cities that have a high cost of living. This means that low earning pilots have difficulty in managing the lifestyle in such cities (Levin, 2011).
This forces the pilots not only to commute but live in poor housing facilities. This is because most regional airlines are not able to pay their pilots good compensation. In some individuals, the reason for commuting is domicile. If fact, in these individuals the issue of domicile is a matter of seniority. This means that when the pilots start working, they are placed on the list of the seniority list. In this case, the pilots are assigned with a lot of work which demands most of their time.
However, after some duration, these pilots are allowed to bid to be reassigned in places where they are close to home. However, if no base exists, such as pilots are forced to commute from home to work. Commuting pilots use different means of transport to work. While other pilots will use a bicycle, there are others who will opt to use a train, public buses, to motorbikes to work. This means that pilots are not able to get relaxed enough on their way to a job.
This exposes them to a variety of effects that are caused by commuting. In most cases, the effects are not desirable since they cause a decrease in the performance of the pilots. Therefore, pilots commute to work not because they want to do so but due to circumstances that force them to commute (Cooke, 2011).
Cooke, C. (2011). Airline Pilots Who Commute. Executive Travel. Retrieved from http://www.executivetravelmagazine.com/articles/airline-pilots-who-commute
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Levin, A. (2011). Study: Long commutes can put pilots at risk of fatigue. Retrieved from file:///C:/Users/PC/Desktop/AIRLINE/Study%20%20Long%20commutes%20can%20put%20pilots%20at%20risk%20of%20fatigue%20-%20USATODAY.com.htm.
National Research Council (2011). The Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue, National Academic Press, Washington, DC. Retrieved from http://books.google.co.ke/books?id=HqCpvWpJcC&printsec=frontcover&dq=fatigue+and+pilots+commuting&hl=en&sa=X&ei=1vK2UcmdDaS40QXLzIDICA&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=fatigue%20and%20pilots%20commuting&f=false.
Paillard, T. (2012). Effects of general and local fatigue on postural control: A review. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 36(1), 162-176
Perry, M. (2012). Pilot Fatigue. Aviation Knowledge. Retrieved from http://aviationknowledge.wikidot.com/aviation:pilot-fatigue
Rosekind, M. (2010). Effects of Commuting on Pilot Fatigue: An NTSB Perspective. National Research Council Presentation.
Trumbull, M. (2013). Probe Blames Pilot Errors for Colgon Air’s Buffalo Crash. Retrieved from http://www.questia.com/library/1P2-32541753/probe-blamespilot-errors-for-colgan-air-s-buffalo
Washington State University (2011). Sleep researchers apply fatigue model to a fatal commuter air crash. Science Daily. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110120090952.htm