The paper "Age Discrimination and Ageism Level" is a good example of a literature review on psychology. Ageing is the inevitable natural process of life which leads one to grow with time with advancing age and mortality. The perception of ageing varies individually – for someone, it is the general age with which one identifies, for the others, the perception of age comes relatively lately. As people grow older, they experience numerous structural and functional changes both at physiological as well as psychological level, which influence significantly in the later developmental phases of their life.
Few people experience the unpleasant effect of discrimination and prejudice because of their age. Ageism indicates to any event in which individuals are negatively judged not by their behaviour, personality or action but by their age. They are inaccurately portrayed as weak or inflexible. Hence, ageism implies a prejudice among the given society against older individuals. According to Traxler (1980), ageism can be described as any approach or deed which presides over a person or group of persons and their responsibilities in the social order merely on the foundation of their organic age.
However, some older adults may not be physically or mental abilities and need more care, there are a number of elderly people who may not be included in the stereotype of helpless, mindless or passionless individuals. The concept of ageism is primarily based on two crucial factors – The dynamism of age classification: The classification of age is not static. The age classification changes as an individual move through the development of continuum. Hence, the classification of age is featured by a continual change compared to other static classifications such as race, gender which is used by society. The inevitability of achieving the status ‘ old’ : In the course of time, each and everyone has to be identified as being ‘ old’ , in other words, ageism occurs at everyone’ s age, until and unless early mortality commences. The second factor may be considered as a significant characteristic affecting the individual primarily at two levels.
The individual may act as an ageist with respect to others for which he or she may identify stereotypically other people on the basis of their age.
Secondly, the individual may be an ageist with respect to self for which his or her self concept may be affected and biased by his or her ageist attitudes.
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