The Republic by Plato – Essay Example
The paper "The Republic by Plato" is a great example of a philosophy essay.
Forms are a theory presented by Plato, which affirms that the nonmaterial world holds the highest and most primary kind of reality. Forms are pure and exist independently in an orderly interconnection that defines real entities. They are more objective and real than material objects. For the non-philosophical minds, Plato justifies the realm of Forms when he equates the concept with mathematics, arguing that there are truths that are most definite and real and do not exist in the material world (The Republic). In this case, it means that there is an existence of a real realm, which Plato classifies as Forms. In the Republic, Plato explains the theory of Forms through the allegory of the cave. Those inside a cave only see shadows, but those who step out experience reality (Forms). Another example is the Form of beauty, in which one delineates beauty in a painting because of the intuitive perception they originally have of beauty.
Four Levels of Knowledge and their respective object of knowledge
Plato presents the four types of knowledge through the analogy of the divided line. He lists Noesis, Dianoia, Pistis, and Eikasia as types of knowledge or opinion. Noesis is knowledge involves the understanding of only the intelligible and its type of object is only ideas, which involves existence and truth. Dianoia is a knowledge that involves thought that recognizes but is not only of the Intelligible. Its type of object is some ideas, for instance, number and geometry. Pistis is an opinion, which involves beliefs about visible things. Its type of object is visible things. Finally, Eikasia is an opinion with conjectures concerning likenesses. It is an illusion or imagination whose type of object is likeness concerning visible things.
The difference of Form of Good from the Other Forms
In The Republic, Plato identifies "The Form of the Good" as the superlative among all other forms. It differs from other forms such as material objects and images because it is not easily recognizable. Even so, once it is recognized, it helps uncover the other forms. The Form of the Good is an intellectual realm that provides knowledge to understand concepts such as justice and truth through philosophical reasoning. A form of Good is never-ending and unchanging because it is immaterial (The Republic), while the other forms characterize an empirical world, in which change is expected.