Why Is Marx Considered to Be a Sociologist – Essay Example

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The paper "Why Is Marx Considered to Be a Sociologist? " is a wonderful example of an essay on sociology. Sociology is viewed to be the cannon of thoughts and ideas stretching way back into the 19th century. Sociology thinkers are dependent on any form of influence and are not spontaneous. Karl Marx (1818-1883) is considered to be one of the most important sociological thinkers of the 19th century. Although he never referred to himself as a sociologist it is quite evident that his work and developments are very rich in different sociological insights (Martin1998: 35).

Due to these sociological insights, Marx is regarded as one of the original as well as profound social thinkers. Marx believed that the role of a social scientist was not only to describe the world but rather to change it appropriately through their thinking. Mainly, his contribution to sociological involved understanding social conflict and the inevitability of revolution as opposed to others such as Spencer who saw social accord and inevitability of progress. Marx further believed that historical crises and struggles would only end when ruling exploiters are overthrown and the establishment of both harmonious and free classless society (Martin1998: 35).

Marx can be referred to be a sociologist due to the fact that he placed much emphasis on the societal economic base which largely influenced both the social and cultural structures across the globe. This paper aims at discussing why Marx is considered to be a sociologist. Further, the paper will discuss the relevance of the Marxists theory for contemporary society. The paper will discuss the Marxism theory in relation to the various sociological perspectives so as to create an argument that Marx is a sociologist. Martin (1998: 35) maintains that Marx is a sociologist since his ideologists have largely contributed to the comprehensive universal understanding of the social world.

Through his different theories, Marx has provided theoretical insights necessary to attract the mystification surrounding capitalism and therefore providing the vision required to mobilize people for struggle. According to Martin (1998: 35), Karl vision was largely embedded on an evolutionary point of departure. The vision was derived from the fact that societies largely comprised of moving balances of forces that are antithetical that normally generate social change through their struggle and tension.

Being a sociologist, Marx believed that the basis of social order in every society was the production of economic goods. Here, Marx focused on what was being produced, how it was produced and how it exchanged largely determined the differences in people power, wealth as well as social status (Martin1998: 35). His contribution to sociology was anchored on his belief that the entire social system is largely based on the way both men and women related to one another in their struggle to a better livelihood.  

References

Calhoun, J. (2002). Classical Sociological Theory. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pg 13-17

John, B. (1990). Ideology and modern culture: critical social theory in the era of mass communication. Stanford University Press. pp. 37–38.

Knapp, P. (1994). One World – Many Worlds: Contemporary Sociological Theory (2nd Ed.). Harpercollins College Div, pp. 228–246

Martin, M. (1998). Marx and Engels, The Communist Manifesto, Penguin, New York: Penguin group, pg. 35

The Modern World-System (1980). Capitalist Agriculture and the Origins of the European World-Economy in the Sixteenth Century. New York: Academic Press. 1980. The Modern World-System II: Mercantilism and the Consolidation of the European World-Economy, 1600-1750. New York: Academic Press

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