The paper "What Challenges NATO Faces in Its War in Afghanistan" Is a great example of a Politics Essay. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) mission in Afghanistan represents one of the most challenging operations in history. NATO began its mission in August 2003 and exited in 2014, but still continues with other non-military missions in Afghanistan. While Afghanistan has undergone 14 years of NATO’ s intervention, the socio-economic and political situations have developed considerably. The current withdrawal of troops is leaving the country with no clear forecasts of political, social, and economic stability (Hodge, 2013).
NATO’ s original mission was to support the Afghanistan government in implementing and prolonging its political authority as well as an influence across the country in order to restore governance and the country as a whole. The mission was a key concern for the reformed NATO as it sought to fight what was at that time an international issue of terrorism. Therefore, NATOs mission in Afghanistan was to pursue a greater goal of ending terrorism especially following the U. S 9/11 attack. Again, NATO was also offered an additional role by the UN asking NATO to disarm militants, fight the drug trade, reform the justice system, train a national army and police force, and offer security for elections.
Additionally, it was also the first time NATO operated outside of Europe. Nonetheless, NATO’ s faced numerous challenges in Afghanistan including strategic disconnect, lack of cohesion, America’ s role in the war against terror, and the lack of resources. The following paper attempts to discuss the challenges that NATO faces in its war in Afghanistan. The entry of NATO in Afghanistan was triggered by the fall of the Taliban government in 2001, in the capital of Kabul.
This was the core foundation of NATO’ s mission in terms of stabilizing the new Afghanistan government. The thought of combat was not anticipated well enough since the initial mission and strategy was supporting the Afghan government to implement and extend its governance countrywide for the restoration of the country from Taliban rule to a democratic Afghan government. Following the fall of the Taliban government, NATO overtook command of the International Security Assistance Forces for Afghanistan. The alliance initially deployed about 5000 troops in Kabul.
According to Moss (2012), NATO feared that a substantial military presence would trigger increased resistance from insurgents who were thought would fight for the sake of nationalism and the religion of Islam. Nonetheless, the militants did not wait to respond even with the light military presence as they mobilized effectively to resist and challenge the foreign or international military presence. As a result, these events changed NATO’ s mission from that of stabilizing to combating Taliban militants. Policymakers and decision-makers in NATO failed to emphasize or consider the potential of increased resistance of the Taliban group.
NATO ought to have considered the potential of resistance and developed a combat strategy that would not contradict or impede its stabilization efforts (Theorin, 2011). The reason behind this is that troops or military personnel who were expected to train the Afghan police force or army were busy combating militants. Overall, NATO developed a hasty and non-inclusive policy for its mission towards its war in Afghanistan.
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