Theory of Narrative in Social Movement – Essay Example

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The paper "Theory of Narrative in Social Movement" is a wonderful example of an essay on social science. Social movement refers to individuals in a particular setting who come together or through joint action to share their ideas in tackling a social problem or conflict by connecting various occurrences to make meaning thus identifying solutions (Melucci, 1989; Eyerman, 1990). Thus, social movements bring together individual in a political, social and cultural setting to tackle issues and enable them to come up with concrete ground and theories on certain occurrences in the society, therefore, eliminating dilemma.

Social movements also can be used together with participatory learning where two or more people learn together or collaborative learning where people learn in a planned curriculum. In the documents, the writers explain the importance of theory of narrative in social movement and the impacts it has on the corresponding audience. It gives the audience the impacts of stories narration on the society which are presented by use of various theories which include social interdependence theories. They further explains the advantages of narration over frames as a tool in the solving of problems in the society setting and approaches assimilated to enable clear understanding of the messages shared to the people. Narration refers to a well-defined and structured format that describes the flow of real and fictional occurrences (Toolan, 2001).

How well a story is narrated, directly affect how the audience understands the context. Well-narrated story will bring to understanding of the illiterate and literate to understand the meaning of a story. In order for understanding to take place rewards should be offered for positive results through a structured curriculum (Johnson (1975) in his behavioural theory.

Narratives when strategically planned they strengthen all the audience beliefs and convince that such an occurrence is true through constructive learning (Mayer 1987), and it will be a solution to the problem and at the same time making developments on the target audience (Sewell, 1992; Hart, 1992; Somers, 1992; 1994; Carr 1997; Ginsburg 1989). Stories narrated to audience help them to maintain confidence on their leaders in case of political systems and other settings (Denzin, 1987; Ginsburg, 1989; Gareth, 1997).

Emancipatory learning which is concerned with political transformations assist political leaders to effectively understand the political setting and deliver what the audience need to hear through the transformative theories and tackle problem within political setting through group learning and dialogue (Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberge & Tarude 1986, Perry, 1965). Narrations differ from frames in that, they do not show the skeleton of an occurrence, but elaborates on the body to make it easy for the audience to grasp the intended meaning by translating the power of the story to audience. Good narrations help the audience to understand his/her internal and external environments thereby assisting them to use their strengths to mine the available opportunities and at the same time, minimising associated potential risk.

A good story will motivate its audience and give the audience more reasons of performing a task since it has shown reason why that particular task is conducted by helping them create a world of the narration in their minds (Mayer & Anderson, 1991, Mayor & Moreno 1998). A narration helps individuals to make decisions. A well-narrated story will bring the audience to attention, why there is the occurrence of the challenge and at the same time give remedies to the problem by transporting audience to the virtual world (Gerrig 1993).

Through these remedies is where the audience makes the choice that will involve deciding on the most suitable action to undertake (King, 1986; Voss, 1996). Further, narrations even though might bring fear with them; it does not necessarily mean the story has come to demolish whatever existed. But simply it is meant to make the audience dig deep in his/her mind and see the repercussions of adopting a certain strategy in case of an organisation and, therefore, brings to his attention the available options that can make them evade such a disastrous phenomena by making the right decisions.

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