The paper “ The Impact of Overpopulation on the Sustainability of Urban Areas - Strain on a Number of Social and Public Amenities” is a cogent example of an essay on social science. Overpopulation has become a major menace to both developing and developed nations. An increase in population is normally in major towns and cities. It normally occurs either through migrations, especially rural-urban migration or through increased birth rates, or both. Overpopulation directly leads to a number of problems within the given area. Overpopulation has influenced the sustainability of the increased population in the affected urban areas thereby prompting the discussion of the sustainability of resources, social and economic amenities, the authorities, and the people in general given instances of overpopulation in urban areas.
Discussion One of the direct causes of overpopulation is overcrowding. With an increase in population, people fill public and social areas. This means that the public areas will not adequately cater for the needs of the people. Close to this are the increased cases of traffic jams. More people will not only imply congestions on the streets but also on the roads.
It emergence due to the need for people wanting to move from one place to another, but at the end of it, all efficient movement is hampered (Evans 17). As the population of people increases in a given area, the quality of life depreciates as housing and living conditions are immensely affected. This slowly leads to the emergence of shanty housing and slums (Evans 141). The case of poor housing emerges because the current plans of a certain city are not able to handle an unexpected explosion of the population. Both an increase in population and its derived effect of poor housing put a strain on infrastructure.
City planners face the waking challenge of laying the necessary infrastructure to cater to the necessary needs of the people (Evans 160). These include electrical cables, water pipes, and well accessible roads. The government faces a huge problem of providing services to its citizens in an efficient manner. The issue of inadequate provision of piped water draws another problem. An increase in population, in this case, limits access to clean water by most people.
This practically means that the provision of water services from the relevant authorities lowers. On the other side, an increase in the number of people will imply that in order to cater to everyone, there will be water rationing and water shortages. There is an increase in water shortages in cases where the country’ s water resources cannot serve a particular city or town appropriately (Evans 38). Along with the water resources, other resources of the country’ s economy become strained. These include energy resources, basic needs, and more important sources of food.
As more people increase in a given urban area, demand for food increases proportionately. Agricultural and food processing counter this increase by increasing their capacities (Evans 147). If the country cannot provide food for the population well, then it implies that both the quality and pricing of the food become affected. Low-quality food and food products will enter the market along with an increase in their prices. As the general prices of food and other items increase, the inflation of the area also increases. Inflation, described as the constant and general increase in the price of items in a country, is a serious problem.
Inflation makes goods within a country’ s borders expensive while the currency depreciates (Evans 231). Overpopulation is an indirect contributor to inflation as it only affects the economy in this state if the country itself cannot match the growth in terms of increased production.