A Great Impact of the Crimea Crisis on the European Union – Essay Example

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing

The paper “ A Great Impact of the Crimea Crisis on the European Union” is a  provoking example of an essay on politics. The Crimean  peninsula is located on the north coast of the Black Sea. The Russian authorities sent their troops to Crimea and annexed it. Ukraine and Russia are two countries that share a lot in their historic origin. Thus, the crisis of Crimea meant a lot to them. Crimea and the Sevastopol region were and still remain a vital port for the Russian fleet in the black sea. It serves as a gateway for the Russian fleet in the black sea and beyond.

This was one of the main reasons for the annexation of Crimea leading to the crisis. Russia used various agreements with Ukraine as a pretext to stay in Crimea which also includes the Russian military presence in the region up to 2047. Sevastopol is a region that has been vital in providing security for Russia. The main worry for the European Union (EU) was the fact that the Crimea crisis could lead to tensions in the region among the pro-European west and pro-Russian east and south.

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia considered Ukraine as one of the countries which were under its sphere of influence. EU has been keenly following the crisis in Crimea. The council has been very keen on the violation of Ukrainian sovereignty and acts on the territory. The act by Russia was condemned by the EU council in March 2014. There was an aggression of the Russian armed forces and federation council of Russia authorized deployment of armed forces in Ukraine territory.

This report analyses the European Union and the crisis in the Crimea. Crimea crisisThe Russian Ukrainian conflict has been a major issue in the EU. The leaders who are involved in the Crimea Ukrainian conflict represent Slavic nations. Crimea was a Russian colony based on the Russian victory over the Ottoman Empire. Since the collapse of the Russian empire, the legal status of the peninsula has changed a lot. The status change of Crimea came up after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1990-1991. After an all Ukrainian referendum in 1991, Crimea was able to attain the status of an autonomous republic under Ukraine.

The latter referendum did not consult the autonomous republic of Crimea whether they wanted to remain in Ukraine or join Russia. In1992, Crimea gained independence and was able to write its first constitution. The referendum was amended in 1992 where Crimea was added as part of Ukraine. After the breakup of the USSR, Ukraine and Russia have been under a lot of tension. This has been especially on the issues related to Crimea, the division of the black sea and the Russian fleet on the black sea among others.

From 1991, Russia had been supporting the pro-Russian rebels in Crimea and has a large contingent of its own military intelligence and civilian. The annexation of Crimea had been planned for a long time by Russia over the last two decades. Russia claimed to protect its citizens living abroad and also engaged in massive passport distribution. Russia's decision to annex Crimea may have been made after NATO made a promise to Crimea and Georgia's full membership.  

References

Aron, Leon. "Vladimir Putin’s Long—and Very Dangerous—Game." AEI Russia Outlook (2014).

Burke-White, William W. "Crimea and the International Legal Order." Survival 56, no. 4 (2014): 65-80.

Hedenskog, Jakob. Crimea: after the Georgian crisis. Defence Analysis, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), 2008.

Mearsheimer, John J. "Why the Ukraine Crisis Is the West’s Fault." Foreign Affairs 93, no. 5 (2014): 77-89.

Marxsen, Christian. "The Crimea Crisis–An International Law Perspective." Zeitschrift ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht (Heidelberg Journal of International Law) 74, no. 2 (2014): 367-391.

Olson, Peter M. "Lawfulness of Russian Use of Force in Crimea, The." Mil. L. & L. War Rev. 53 (2014): 17.

Pifer, Steven. Crisis Between Ukraine and Russia. Council on Foreign Relations, 2009.

Rumer, Eugene, Andrew S. Weiss, Ulrich Speck, Lina Khatib, George Perkovich, and Douglas H. Paal. "What Are the Global I mplications of the Ukraine Crisis?." (2014).

Salameh, Mamdouh G. "Turning the Gaze Towards Asia: Russia's Grand Strategy to Neutralize Western Sanctions." (2014).

Sasse, Gwendolyn. The Crimea question: identity, transition, and conflict. Harvard University Press, 2007.

Simon, Gerhard. "Ukraine: Conflict, Crisis, War." Osteuropa 64 (2014): 5-6.

Smith, Ben, and Daniel Harari. "Ukraine, Crimea and Russia." Research Paper 14 (2014): 16.

Spencer, Christopher. "Ukraine Crimea Crisis: The History." The Guardian–Liberty Voice (2014).

Taylor, Brian D. "Putin’s Own Goal." The Invasion of Crimea and Putin’s Political Future (2014).

Tierney, Stephen. "Sovereignty and Crimea: How Referendum Democracy Complicates Constituent Power in Multinational Societies." German LJ 16 (2015): 523.

Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Contact Us