The paper "Causes and Consequences of Terrorism in International Context" Is a great example of a Politics Essay. In spite of being an old concept, terrorism is one of the issues with adverse implications on international affairs. Terrorism and its implications on contemporary society have been one of the essential issues in understanding international politics. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the key causes as well as terrorism in relation to international affairs from political, social, and economic perspectives. In order to address this purpose, the study will concentrate on identifying key terrorism incidents with the intention of understanding their causes and consequences on international affairs. The essence of terrorism proves to be both emotive and complex.
For instance, international terrorism is complex because of its integration of diverse aspects of human experience inclusive of politics, psychology, military strategy, history, and philosophy. On the other hand, international terrorism is emotive because of the ability to arouse tremendous feelings. In addition, certain groups of contemporary society see terrorists as justified, thus generating strong feelings on the rightness of exploiting violence to address key injustices.
Terrorism associates with the usage of violence against civilians with the expressed desire to cause terror or panic in the population. In the 20th and 21st centuries, terrorism has become a common phenomenon because of its occurrence in numerous states or nations across the globe. According to the United States’ department of defense, terrorism refers to the calculated use of violence or the threat of violence with the intention of inculcating fear; coerce or intimidate governments as well as societies in pursuit of political, ideological, and religious goals.
In addition, terrorism relates to illegitimate exploitation of force in the course of pursuing political objectives by targeting innocent people in contemporary societies. From these illustrations, it is critical to note that terrorism relates to the recurrent use or threatened use of politically instigated and clandestinely organized violence by individuals or groups with the intention to influence a psychological target to make it behavior in accordance with the expectations and desires of the group. Causes of Terrorism In the course of studying the topic of terrorism, various studies have identified diverse causes of the phenomenon leading to unique consequences on the global platform.
From a psychological point of view, individuals choose to engage in terrorism because of purely personal reasons in relation to their own psychological state of mind. In this context, such individuals might experience a lack of motivation rather than pursue hate or desire for power thus engagement in terrorism actions (Smith, 2008). For instance, in the 19th century, Auguste Vaillant bombed the French Chamber of Deputies. In the course of his conviction as well as subsequent execution, the terrorist narrated about his motivation in relation to hate for the middle classes.
In such cases, individuals tend to engage in terrorism with the intention of spoiling the sense of economic as well as social success. Terrorists tend to focus on obtaining substantial attention from others concerning his or her actions rather than the execution of ideological and strategic goals.
List of References
Freytag, A., Krüger, J.J. and F. Schneider 2006, “The Origins of Terrorism: Cross-Country Estimates with Discrete Choice and Count Data Methods,” Linz University, mimeo.
Li, Q. and D. Schaub 2004, “Economic globalization and transnational terrorist incidents: A pooled time series analysis,” Journal of Conflict Resolution 48(2): 230-258.
Smith, B. 2008, “A Look at Terrorist Behaviour: How They Prepare, Where They Strike,” NIJ Journal (National Institute of Justice, US Department of Justice), Issue No 260, July.
Tavares, J. 2004, “The Open Society Assesses its Enemies: Shocks, Disasters and Terrorist Attacks,” Journal of Monetary Economics, 51(5): 1039-1070.