Refugee Crisis in European Union and GreeceOverviewThe concept of migration; immigration and emigration; has been one of the major topics in last few decades as a result of the increasing number of issues associated with it. In some countries, due to war and catastrophe outbreaks, vulnerable people tend to emigrate out of their countries in fear of perceived effects of the disaster. For most circumstances, people tend to flee their countries in fear for their lives. Many vulnerable people have been coming into the European Union (EU) for the last decades.
Recently, the increased rate of migration into European countries has resulted in refugee crisis that the union and its individual nations have been implementing different policies and politics to battle. Even though some people leave their countries to seek asylum in EU, not every person immigrate into the region for protection purposes. EU has legal and moral obligation to protecting those who flee their countries to seek protection in the region; EU has policies and laws that offer protection to asylum seekers. However, some people; who have proved to be of greater number; have been migrating into EU to improve the standards of their lives.
For the last few years, this has been one of the major situations that have been associated with the refugee crisis in EU. Thousands of people have been reported dead whilst attempting to illegally enter into the EU. According to Boswell (2003) and Albahari (2015), almost 90% of the refugees; who are running away from the Syrian civil war, amongst many other reasons; are reported to have paid smugglers and organised criminals to facilitate their illegal migration into European countries.
(Berry et al. 2015) argues that it is these irregular immigrants that have impacted refugee crisis in the EU in the last few years. The crisis has posed threats upon the resources available, which should be for the citizens of the European nations. This paper seeks to explore refugee crisis in EU and Greece, focusing on their policies towards responding and controlling refugee crisis. Also, the paper intends to explore the work and roles of Frontex in the EU, and how it has contributed to the battle against unauthorised migration into the region.
History of Refugee Crisis in the EUWith the increasing number of refugees into the European nations, the EU and European member states have been trying to battle the crisis that the region is currently facing. Even though there have been major topics amongst the European nations for decades; including climate change, and terrorism, amongst others; not one of the topics have been much prevalent as refugee crisis; refugee crisis in the EU has been one of the leading topics of discussion and concern relatively more than any other topic (Dragostinova 2016).
It implies that perceived threats that the increased number of unauthorised migration into Europe subject upon European member states are relatively consequential than any other on ongoing issues in the region. However, not everything that is currently going on in the European states is new; the mass movement of people from their respective countries into European counties has a history backdating to decades ago.