Midterm History #2 – Essay Example

Inserts His/her Inserts Inserts Grade Inserts Here (Day, Month, Year) MIDTERM HISTORY #2
The first ever Persian war, which took place in 493 B.C. In which the Persians defeated the Ionian revolt. Darius who was the emperor at that time wanted to expand his territories and this provided him a great chance to expand his territory so he did this capturing the islands of East Aegean and the Propontis. Darius appointed hi son-in-law to Mardonius to resettle the cities, which had been destroyed during the war. As Darius wanted the Greek states to surrender themselves to them he adopted a civil attitude. A democratic system was introduced and the burden of heavy taxes was reduced. In spite of his civil attitude the Greek states of Sparta and Athens didn’t surrender. Athens was one of the supreme power in its time becoming the leader of the Delian League known as the “Athenian Empire”. Due to their supremacy Persians were forced out of their regions of Aegean and a number of other Persian states were also occupied. The main reason, which led to the Peloponnesian War, was the fear of Sparta that Athens is becoming stronger day by day and is making progress in no time. Their naval power also became stronger and the bordering states felt themselves in danger and the Peloponnese city found that the food supply to their state would be highly affected. Athens power increased tremendously during the Persian war in 480 B.C and it continued to attack the states of Ionia and Aegean. Moreover Athens also constructed walls outside their empire in order to protect themselves from the Sparta. Spartans were seeing all this quietly but did not do anything at that time but their anger took heights when Athens in 459 B.C. took the side of Megara against Corinth in the Megara Corinth war. This in turn led to the war, which was known as the “Peloponnesian War”. This war was fought between the Athens and Sparta, Corinth, Aegean and many other states. The Spartans were encouraged by the Corinth’s to use the arms and were supported by Megara and Aegean who were forced to become ally with Athens. After the war Athens lost its power and Sparta then became the strongest state of Greece.
Thucydides described its cataclysmic effects: 
For never had so many cities been captured and destroyed, whether by the barbarians or by the Greeks who were fighting each other... Never had so many men been exiled or slaughtered, whether in the war or because of civil conflicts. 8
 The Spartan ambassador warned the Athenians: This day will be the beginning of great evils for the Greeks

Works Cited
“Hellenic and Hellenistic Greece”. 2.sunysuffolk.edu. History Websites, 10 Aug. 2011 Web. 13 Oct. 2011
“The Legacy Of Greece”. Myeport.com. Myeport, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2011