How the Internet Has Impacted Information Privacy – Essay Example

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The paper “ How the Internet Has Impacted Information Privacy” is a   thrilling variant of an essay on information technology. Information technology has gradually become one of the most critical players in the transformation of the world, in terms of how people share information, conduct business, and surveillance. Imperatively, information technology has opened up society and, some argue, decreased privacy. The Internet offers tremendous opportunities that are exploited by individuals and groups, especially businesses (Hargrave, 2015). However, it created potential threats, and one of these threats is information privacy. The Internet harbors risks to personal data and communication as social sites ask people to give their information, marketers seek to profile their electronic clientele, and governments seek to impose their “ big brother role” on people through surveillance (Smith, Dinev & Xu, 2011).

The essence of this article is to discuss the impact of the Internet on information privacy. In its discourse, the paper shall base its findings on existing research and application of theoretical frameworks on the concept of information privacy and how the Internet has impacted it. The concept of information privacyPrivacy is an important concept protected by law in many jurisdictions, including Australia.

People enjoy their private space and seek to protect them. Privacy is the right to be alone and free from unnecessary surveillance and unreasonable personal intrusions (Joinson et al. , 2010). The amount of personal data that one would be willing to self-disclose depends on their willingness and not through unauthorized access or coercion and manipulation. Classic privacy theories postulate that privacy is non-intrusion into one’ s space and non-interference with one’ s decision. It implies that individuals have control over and can restrict access to their personal data.

Additionally, non-interference theorists posit that privacy is exercising freedom in decision-making by individuals (Joinson et al. , 2010). However, individuals must understand that the right to privacy is restricted and subject to legal interpretations in different jurisdictions but is natural and must be exercised by all. Information privacy is the right to decide and determine to what extent and when one’ s personal data can be communicated and shared with others. Information privacy has been a debate, especially in the increased usage of technology and in particular the Internet (Taddicken, 2014).

Information privacy includes private communication, personal information, and data on one’ s possession. Another part of information privacy is body privacy. One of the known breaches that have been documented and reported in the recent past concerning the privacy of the body is the emergence of nude photos of Jennifer Lawrence. The pictures of the celebrity were posted on two social sites; 4chan and Reddit. Accordingly, Google searches for Jennifer Lawrence shot up as regular users of search engines and the sites went to get more information concerning the actress (Isaac, 2014).

However, the publication and distribution of these photos raised or raises discussion on the issue of information privacy and corresponding civil liberties on the Internet. Imperatively, one questions the role of big tech companies in formulating policing and users who go beyond the boundaries and post controversial content on the Internet.

References

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Castelles, M. (2014). The Impact of the Internet on Society: A Global

Perspective, MIT Technology Review. Accessed on November 2, 2016, from https://www.technologyreview.com/s/530566/the-impact-of-the-internet-on-society-a-global-perspective/

Hargrave, S. (2015, July). How will the internet of things impact data

security? The guardian. Accessed on November 2, 2016, from https://www.theguardian.com/small-business-network/2015/jul/30/internet-of-things-data-security

Isaac, M. (2014). Nude Photos of Jennifer Lawrence Are Latest Front in

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Joinson, A., Reips, U.-D., Buchanan, T., & Paine Schofield, C. B. (2010). Privacy, trust, and self-disclosure online. Human-Computer Interaction, 25(1), 1–24

Kiss, J. (2010). Does technology pose a threat to our private life? Accessed on November 2, 2016, from https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2010/aug/21/facebook-places-google

Myhre, J. (2013, August). Technology Is Invading Our Privacy. Accessed on November 2, 2106, from http://www.dmnews.com/the-inside-scoop-blog/technology-is-invading-our-privacy/article/307471/

Taddicken, M. (2014). The ‘Privacy Paradox’ in the Social Web: The Impact

of Privacy Concerns, Individual Characteristics, and the Perceived Social Relevance on Different Forms of Self-Disclosure. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp.248-273.

McFarland, M.S.J. (2012). Why We Care about Privacy. Accessed on

November 2, 2016, from https://www.scu.edu/ethics/focus-areas/internet-ethics/resources/why-we-care-about-privacy/

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November 2, 2016, from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/05/sunday-review/we-want-privacy-but-cant-stop-sharing.html?_r=0

Such, J. (2015, September). The internet hasn’t killed privacy – but it has

changed it forever, The Conversation. Accessed on November 2, 2016, from http://theconversation.com/the-internet-hasnt-killed-privacy-but-it-has-changed-it-forever-47220

Smith, H. J., Dinev, T., & Xu, H. (2011). Information privacy research: an interdisciplinary review. MIS Quarterly, 35(4), 989-1016.

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