Iron – Essay Example

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Why some people in the UK are at risk of iron deficiencyIntroductionIron is a crucial nutrient in human health. Without iron, no living cell can use oxygen. It is essential for the protein called haemoglobin to transport oxygen to all parts of the cells of the body. It can only achieve this through iron that binds to the oxygen molecules and moved to cells in the process of oxidation of sugar molecules. This is an essential process in the production of energy for all living cells. Apart from this crucial role, iron also aids in the functioning of the immune system and neurological development of fetuses.

Iron deficiency in the body leads to a number of health problems, the commonest being anaemia. There are many forms of anaemia but the one associated with iron deficiency is called Iron Deficiency Anaemia or IDA in short. When one’s body is iron deficient, the manifestation that you are suffering from anaemia may include shortness of breath, tiredness, chest pains due to agina (define agina), behavioural and developmental problems in children and sometimes fainting. It is absorbed via the small intestines as nutrients in the foods we take.

Iron deficiency leading to IDA today is an emerging health concern because of changes in lifestyles of people, especially and surprising in developed countries of the west and North America. The British Nutrition Foundation says that “The World Health Organisation classifies iron deficiency anaemia as a haemoglobin concentration of 13.0g/dL or less in men and 12.0g/dL or less in women”http: //www. nutrition. org. uk/home. asp? siteId=43& sectionId=650& parentSection=321& which=1. In this essay, I am going to focus my discussion on iron deficiency and it’s attendant risks in society specifically on UK populations. Certain groups of people are at risk in the UKWhy is a society well developed such as the UK suffer problems related to nutrition that are more associated with populations that are more at risk, who live in less endowed circumstances in the developing world and constantly find themselves in conflict stricken situations?

In an article appearing in Second Opinions, “There are many conditions in western industrialised societies today that were unheard of, or at least very rare, just a century ago. The same conditions are still unheard of in primitive peoples who do not have the ‘benefits’ of our knowledge.

There is a very god reason for this: they eat what nature intended; we don’t” http: //www. second-opinions. co. uk/anaemia. html. These societies have a definition of sophistication which ultimately works against the course of nature that has not been envisaged by man. For example, more and more people are becoming vegetarians because they think that animal food materials are contaminated. For instance, In Vegetarian Society information fact sheet on iron published in 2000,“Iron deficiency is the most prevalent nutritional problem both in Britain and worldwide.

It has been stated that 2/3 of children and women of child-bearing age in developing countries suffer from iron deficiency, 1/3 suffering from severe deficiency and anaemia. In developed countries, between 10-20% of child-bearing age women are said to be anaemic. Iron is the least plentiful nutrient in the typical British diet and anaemia is fairly common in the UK. ”

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