Tribal and Monarchal Structures in Africa – Essay Example

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The paper "Tribal and Monarchal Structures in Africa" is a wonderful example of a history essay. Tribal and monarchal structures were important in Africa for several reasons. One of these reasons was economic. Tribal connections made trade possible even in times of turmoil and scarcity. Economic reciprocity was an important means of exchange between tribes in Africa. These economic ties between tribes often lead to prosperity for both groups of people. The kingdom provided a means of expanding political, military and economic advancement at the expense of surrounding peoples.

The monarch was traditionally a military leader in African history. Often, military leaders changed into economic rulers if peace was established long enough. Ghana is a good example of both of these infrastructures at work. The gathering together of the Soninke began Ghana as an independent regional power. These tribes worked together to exploit the trade between Sahara and Sub-Sahara Africa. Control over trade in gold and salt was lucrative. Due to a highly organized tribal and monarchal system, Ghana was able to deploy soldiers to protect trade routes and collect taxes. The tax revenue made Ghana wealthy and powerful.

In the mid-11th century, Tunka Manin became king after the death of his uncle, Basi. Many travellers reported the beauty and splendour of his court. They told of a profusion of gold and other fine trappings. Unfortunately for Ghana, this wealth leads others to seek to overthrow Ghana. The Muslim Almoravids conquered Ghana for a brief time. The military victory did not last long, but the economic victory was long-lasting. The Almoravids took control of the trade routes and shifted them towards other Muslim lands.

The tribal and monarchal institutions that made Ghana strong were broken and the empire of Ghana faded away.

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