Distraction While Operating an Automobile – Essay Example

The paper "Distraction While Operating an Automobile" is a good example of an essay on social science. Driving is an everyday occurrence and is one of those skills that need our whole attention. This is because safety is involved and lives are at stake. While driving one has to incorporate complex coordination that involves both mind and body. Anything going against this code of conduct while operating an automobile is termed as “distractions.” The three types of distractions are – 1) visual – taking our eyes off the road. 2) Cognitive – taking our mind off driving on the road and 3) Manual – removing one’s hands from the steering wheel. Distractions on the road by a driver are the leading causes of the accidents that take place. According to a study released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute (VTTI), 80% of crashes and 65% of near-crashes involve some form of driver distraction. The distraction occurred within three seconds before the vehicle crash! Some of these distractions according to the study conducted by the NHTSA and VTTI are a use of mobiles, trying to grasp at a moving object within the vehicle, glancing at an object or incident taking place outside the vehicle, putting make-up and reading. Recent studies have shown that now- a- days, especially when cell phones have become the order of the day, the level of distraction is much higher and the level of performance has lowered drastically, thus raising the risk of more accidents. On July 1st, 2008, a new law involving mobile phones came into existence in certain places (California) which allowed drivers over the age of 18 to make use of hands-free devices while driving their vehicle, while those under 18 were banned from using a hands-free device. Therefore, the driving scenario these days is not very safe these days and needs more caution to ensure the safety not only of the driver but the other inmates in the car and the general pedestrian public on the roads. Safety must be the Buzzword or the Motto of all drivers on the road because life once lost cannot be regained again.