The paper “ The Political Ideologies of the Contemporary Islamic Jihadist like ISIS and Whether This Ideology Is Coherent” is an actual example of an essay on politics. People use different terms to describe acts of violence and terror that are happening all over the world. Most of these attacks are linked to Islamic terrorists. Jihadism is controlled by the idea that Jihad controls all Muslims. Some of the jihadists groups are Salafi-jihadists which include al-Qaida and ISIS. Islamic State of al-Sham (ISIS) follows some beliefs from the Islam religion and the duties of Muhammad.
Islam is believed to be a dictatorial political ideology where sovereignty does not belong to people but rather to God. During most terrorist acts there are signs by Jihadist organizations recognizing that there is only one God who is above all. It is believed that jihadists are secular people and have modern political ideologies. Jihadists believe and practice religious practices that fit the Islamic State. However, jihadists justify the violence against other Muslims ex-communication included the Jihad group is responsible for the violence that is happening in the world using Islamic views.
Their ideology is based on religious and political beliefs. Jihadist violence mostly targets Muslims, therefore understanding the nature and the appeal of jihad ideology. Analyzing Jihadist ideology will explain why groups such as ISIS are extreme in their violence. ISIS was formed in Iraq with the aim of seeking a war against the West in Syria. It called itself the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. Religion plays a major role in Jihadist justification for their actions. ISIS groups rely on religion to press on a political vision (Benmelech & Klor, 2016).
Many years have passed since disputes of religion have caused wars. It is therefore hard for people to believe that jihadists are pious. Islamic State does not judge new members or existing ones but accepts all without concern about their past lives. Islamic jihadist mostly accepts members searching for an identity. ISIS offers new members a chance to believe they are not losers but are special and meant to be part of something powerful and new but secret. That could be one of the reasons many people are joining the ISIS organization to feel a sense of belonging and specialty. ISIS is part of the Salafist-jihadi Islamic organization seeking to restore the earlier days of glory in Islam through jihad.
The organization believes that this is through “ holy war” set towards internal and external enemies. The members believe that these wars will result in the purification of Islam flaws and all Muslims return to what is known as the Golden Age of Islam (Benmelech & Klor, 2016). According to the perspective of Salafist-jihadi, Muslims are bound to disseminate and create Islam all over the world.
This is by freeing the Islamic lands from Western culture and other cultures through the holy war (jihad). Every Muslim should engage in the holy way as it is perceived as a personal duty (Berger, 2016). Thus Muslims fight their enemies: the US, West and Arab through violent and inhuman military struggle. According to ISIS, the Golden Age of Islam returns through the Islamic Caliphate reestablishment (Berger, 2016). Islamic groups such as ISIS want the states to be set based on Islamic law and the Koran interpretation.
Jihadists believe that a state based on Islamic law is superior to one based on secular laws. Islamists do not agree to most practices by the Westerns and fight for equality in the society where there is no gap between the rich and the poor. Many jihadists terrorists believe that they are following the steps of Muhammad (Browers, 2013). These groups disregard the development that has taken a course in Islamic law over the last years. They use shariah to justify their projects ignoring any laws that may bind them.
ISIS, for example, rejects the rich and do not consider themselves enslaved to the classical tradition. ISIS group is known for its radical and well-organized state. They have conquered territory in Syria and Iraq ever since they rose to power, driving many Syrians away from their homes. The purpose of ISIS is to become the highest ruling authority in the Islamic world which is achievable by destroying all Islamic enemies and establishing a renewed caliphate (Cook, 2015). The world knows ISIS for the mass murders of civilians committed, destruction of treasures which are irreplaceable and, showing graphic videos of captives executions.
ISIS is known to have come to power during the conflict in Syria which happened in 2012. The civil war left almost 12million people homeless and the middle of this conflict, it served as a great opportunity for the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria to rise to power. In 2015, ISIS had many people killed including 40 Shia Muslims (Cook, 2015).
Benmelech, E., & Klor, E. F. (2016). What Explains the Flow of Foreign Fighters to ISIS? (No. w22190). National Bureau of Economic Research. Retrieved from http://www.nber.org/digest/jun16/w22190.html
Berger, L. (2016). Local, National and Global Islam: Religious Guidance and European Muslim Public Opinion on Political Radicalism and Social Conservatism. West European Politics, 39(2), 205-228.
Browers, M. L. (2013). Islamic Political Ideologies. The Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies
Cook, D. (2015). Understanding jihad. University of California Press: Berkeley, United States.
Esposito, J. L. (2015). Islam and Political Violence. Religions, 6(3), 1067-1081.
Hussain, G., & Saltman, E. M. (2014). Jihad trending: A comprehensive analysis of online extremism and how to counter it. Retrieved from https://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/jihad-trending-quilliam-report.pdf
Ross, N. O., & Mohammadpur, A. (2016). Islamic state as a modern phenomenon. Journal of Global Faultlines, 3(1), 36-40.
Saltman, E. M., & Winter, C. (2014). Islamic State: the changing face of modern jihadism. London: Quilliam Foundation, 1-71. Retrieved from https://www.quilliamfoundation.org/wp/wp-content/uploads/publications/free/islamic-state-the-changing-face-of-modern-jihadism.pdf
Stern, J., & Berger, J. M. (2015). ISIS: The state of terror. HarperCollins Publishers: New York, United States.
Terrill, W. A. (2014). Understanding the Strengths and Vulnerabilities of ISIS. Parameters, 44(3), 13.
Tibi, B. (2014). Political Islam, World Politics and Europe: From Jihadist to Institutional Islamism. Routledge: Abingdon, United Kingdom.
Wood, G. (2015). What ISIS really wants. The Atlantic, 315(2), 78-94.