The paper "Egocentrism, Sociocentrism, and Appealing to Pathos " is a good example of an essay on English. To understand how egocentric or sociocentric thinking can be applied to the appeal of pathos, it is important to understand the meaning of such ideas. Egocentric and socioentric are very similar in meaning. Egocentric is “The natural human tendency to view everything within the world in a relationship to oneself, to be self-centered” (Paul & Elder, 2006, p. 213). On the other hand, sociocentric is defined as “The natural human tendency to view everything within the world in a relationship to a group, to be group-centered” (Paul & Elder, 2006, p. 213). When using either of these ideas for appealing to pathos, which is appealing to a person’s or group’s values and beliefs, can be very powerful. An important fact to consider is that people naturally believe that their thinking is rational; however, many times it is not true. There are many psychological standards of irrational thinking but five most common are listed here, “It’s true because I believe it”, “It’s true because my group believes it”, “It’s true because I want to believe it”, “it’s true because I have always believed it”, or “It’s true because it is in my selfish interest to believe it”. When using egocentrism or Sociocentrism, the writer would try and appeal to the person’s or group’s values and reinforce what they already believe, such as most of the religious people do not believe in any changes to their faith. There are many examples of how these ideas of egocentrism or Sociocentrism can be used to appeal to pathos. A very common example of this is in Christianity, in regards to the issue of gay marriage. Many Christians who are against gay marriages believe that their point of view is true as they have always believed it to be true. Hence, they fail to look at the issue from any other perspective. Considering their perspective as the correct one, they will then use religion to convince other Christians by using influential examples from the Bible to appeal to their pathos.