IntroductionNorth Africa and Middle East regions experienced the popular uprising and prodemocracy movements wave from December 2010. The Arab spring evolutions and protests spread through the areas as citizens took off to the streets to demand human rights protection, political representation, and government reforms. The most interesting and important factor of the applied revolutionary movements was the extensive founded application of nonviolent strategic civilian resistance. In this period, Arab freedom fighters, by applying nonviolent tactics host concurrently disproved two mainstreams ideas which included violence necessity in the struggle for revolution, and the natural tendency of Arab towards aggression.
Ordinary Arab civilians in Libya, Tunisia, Bahrain, Egypt, Syria, Yemen, and elsewhere chose to use the nonviolent weaponry arsenal at their disposal. Their actions certified that nonviolence is one of the most effective political action strategy for increasing democracy and freedom in the Arab World. This paper focuses on evaluating the Arab Spring and establishing whether the claim of the democratic peace theory uphold on the tactics the Arabs used to enhance revolution in their region. Arab Spring and Democratic Peace TheoryAccording to democratic peace theory, the democracies hardly fight each other, since they share domestic institutions and mutual life norms that constrain the war recourse.
Democratic is possibly the most powerful contribution of liberal to the debate on the reasons of peace and war. Democracies employ peaceful resolution of conflict with each other and within the local affairs (Rosatom 2003, p. 585). Therefore, democracy is highly upraised when two conflicting side consider more peaceful strategies to resolve the conflict. The concept has been highly applied in different situations in democratic nations, particularly when civil servants are fighting for their better working terms among other.
It is highly upheld when the two groups confront each other without the use of violence (Christopher, 2011, p. 1904). Arab is a region in the world that has been known for its authoritarian role, harsh rules, and poor employment of human rights in the region, particularly while dealing with works and women. The region has been characterized by violence and emergency of violent liberal groups with destructive missions. Nevertheless, this perfective was highly overturned by the rise of the Arab Spring (Joffé, 2011, p. 515).
Arab Spring demonstrated that democracy might have a chance even if there are dangers and challenges seen in the process. The masses that took to the streets in the Arab nations opposed dictatorship and not necessary using civil wars as employed in the Western nations. This was a great prove that generally, democracy still contains space. The Arab region experienced political upheavals that have irreversibly changed the Middle East (Totten, 2013, p. 24). In 2010, the Muhammed Bouazizi self-immolation was a sparkle that instigated protests and spread to the surrounding cities resulting to collapsing of the Ben Ali’s long-lasting dictatorial regime in Tunisia.
This initiated popular civil action over Mubarak government in Egypt. Massive of protesters who congregated in Tahrir Square forced the resignation of Mubarak, an action that ended in the power transfer to the military. Shortly after the fall of Mubarak, the demonstration over Muammer Qaddafi of Libya started in Bengazi and spread throughout the other regions of the country. Qaddafi’s government was toppled after months of obvious deadlock and with intervention of Nato.
Later Syria, Yemen, and Bahrain uprisings and protests erupted, instigating a vicious repression cycle and more protest that resulted to serious internal contestation and fracturing (Erdogan, 2013, p. 18).