Does Globalisation Lead to Homogeneity or Disjuncture or Both – Essay Example

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The paper "Does Globalisation Lead to Homogeneity or Disjuncture or Both? " is an excellent example of an essay on anthropology. Globalization is a concept with obscure origins and finds expression in all the major languages of the world. However, the idea of globalization lacks a precise definition because it entails many things. Nevertheless, the fact remains that globalization is here with us and it has a tremendous effect on the political, cultural, social, economic life and worldwide practices, consciousness and relations. Most parts of the world experience the impacts of globalization with the Asian Pacific region being one of the regions experiencing a significant transition.

Although the debate on the definition of globalization is getting vigorous over time, the truly relevant question is whether globalization poses negative or positive effects on society. Many people associate globalization with fears of homogenization causing the loss of identity. This issue is recently in the course of discourse to nation-building and the path of anti-imperialist resistance. Globalization promotes the marginalization of economically weak sections, demographically small groups and communities that lack resources in terms of their culture.

There is a constant fear of globalization that makes post-colonial societies worry about their social, political, cultural, environmental and cultural welfare. Globalization joins people, communities and nations together and fragments them at the same time. As the so-called modern lifestyles and production processes seem to converge, new distinctions emerge creating manifold identities that address many levels of belonging at the same time. Growing religious revivalism, the radicalization of urban poor and ethnonationalism are indications of emerging vault lines. Asia-Pacific is a heterogeneous region but it is at crossroads because of the alarming waves of globalization.

Globalization in the Asian Pacific region has led to both homogeneity and disjunction as discussed in this paper. Meaning of globalization Globalization is the “ big idea” of the 20th century and its definition depends on a person’ s understanding of the term. However, all definitions focus on the aspect of sharing political, social, economic and cultural norms, values, beliefs and practices across the globe. Scholte’ s overview (2000) provides a classification of several broad sets of definitions: Globalization as internalization- this definition views globalization as an alternative word to describe cross-border relations between states.

It refers to the growth in interdependence and universal trade. Globalization as liberalization- This definition refers to globalization as the removal of restrictions imposed by governments between states. Globalization as universalization- Globalization entails spreading experiences and ideas to people across the globe to harmonize their experiences and ambitions.

References

Appadurai, A., 2011. Disjuncture and difference in the global cultural economy 1990. Cultural Theory: An Anthology, 282-295.

Bräuchler, B. 2003. Cyberidentities at war: religion, identity, and the Internet in the Moluccan conflict. Indonesia, (75), 123-151.

Heyman, J. M., & Campbell, H. (2009). The anthropology of global flows A critical reading of Appadurai'sDisjuncture and Difference in the Global Cultural Economy'. Anthropological Theory, 9(2), 131-148.

Hill, D. T. and Sen K. 1997. “Wiring the Warung to Global Gateways: The

Internet in Indonesia.” Indonesia, no. 63, 67-90

Lim, M. 2003. From War-net to Net-war: The Internet and Resistance Identities in Indonesia. The International Information & Library Review, 35(2), 233-248.

Poonoosamy, M. M. 2009. Language Policies in South-Korea: Talk Anglo-Korean Epic resistance in the hub of globalization. [Online] Available at: http://www.deakin.edu.au/arts-ed/ccg/events/pdf/mpn-056.pdf [Accessed 3 September 2013]

Scholte, J.A., 2000. Globalization: A Critical Introduction. New York: Palgrave.

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