Understanding Global Issues – Essay Example
The paper "Understanding Global Issues" is a wonderful example of a history essay.
Is resource scarcity a course of violent conflicts? Resource scarcity is an indication of poor social capital. As such, as the population gradually increases, the demand for resources consequently grows, resulting in conflicts over the available scarce resources. Weak state institutions are a significant contributory factor to violent conflicts. They arise as a result of the incapacity of the social resources, to establish, sustain, and exercise, techniques for solving resource scarcity issues. Resources like land and water, are important components in a blend of political and economic factors as well as cultural factors, whose scarcity cause them to breed violence. Interestingly, resource abundance is found to also contribute to potential violent conflicts. In argument, higher competition for access and control over a resource arises when the resource is in plenty (Bannon and Paul 23).
Dinar’s statement is true. The earth’s surface dries up each new dawn, as a result of increased urbanization, industrial farming, and deforestation. Persistence of such trends will cause depletion of water in the river basins. The available amount of fresh water on the surface of the earth constitutes less than one half of 1% of all the water. The fresh water is only renewable through rainfall. Increased cases of deforestation and such like factors are likely to cause failure in obtaining adequate fresh water that is renewed yearly at the rate of 40,000 to 50,000 cubic kilometers. Consequently, the end result will be wars about freshwater (Gleick 48). The worldview of our policymakers, make a difference in deciding whether to engage in conflict over natural resources. Policymaking entails national, regional and international importance. As such, policymakers make a significant difference, when they make critical decisions. Negotiation, a constituent factor of the policymaking process, involves setting agendas, establishing vital issues, and finding solutions to the issues. This helps ensure that the policies pre-arranged, are kept constant (Carden 34).