COMPARATIVE EDUCATIONIntroductionAccording to the International handbook of research in Arts education by Liora Bresler (2006), comparative education can be described as an academic field of study designed to study the education system of one or more countries by using information that has been drawn from the education systems of different countries. The programs about the comparative education are offered in various higher learning institutions around the world. This paper is going to compare the education system of Finland to that of England this is because, Finland has a very smaller population as compared to England and their government values education more than any other curriculum activities (Burrage 2010).
Another reason is that the education system in Finland is more child center than that of England, this means that the teacher is able to give more concentration on a specific child guiding him or her through various activities offered in there education system, the English mode is more of a controlled or external system. Finland as a country is becoming an education superpower this is because of the success of Finland when it comes to the OECDS’s PISA studies, in this field of study; mostly the Finnish students have achieved very high marks as compared to the other students (OECD 2010). Finland became independent in the year 1917 and they are lead by a presesindent who is their head of state.
There population is over 5 million with forests covering over 75% of the country, the finish language is part of the Finn-ugric linguistic that includes Estonian and Hungarian with the official language of the country being Finnish and Swedish. Public education in the country began in the early 1960s with the main source of schooling being the Lutheran church, the church stated tis basic education in order to make people the people to be able to read and understand the bible.
Three years later the school a national school system independent of the church was set with a supervisory board under the ministry of education established to govern the education (Grubb 2007). England has a population of over 7 million people and its education system dates back to the year 1799 where churches formed Sunday schools to teach the poor, other elementary schools in places like Kendal in the Lake district also opened in the same year, these elementary schools taught reading, writing, religion and geography.
Girls were mainly taught sewing, spinning and housework while the boys were taught shoemaking and preparing machines for the carding tools. Day schools were started in 1846 by Sir James Kay- Shuttleworth, these schools later became and developed into the modern schools in England. Finland’s Education SystemAs Kyro (2009) stated, the education in Finland is designed to provide equality in terms of having access to educational services, Finland’s success s a country is built on the basis of a very well educated nation.
In Finland, the education is majorly funded by the public although there are a few private education institutions which are also considered as part of the government’s formal education system. The private institutions are also subjected to the state funds that are equivalent to the funds given to the municipal institutions.