Developing countries, especially in the African and Asian continents are threatened with food security as a result of both the natural and artificial factors. Political and social instabilities, civil and war strive, economic imbalance in natural resources, trade, gender inequality, poor health, natural disasters, poverty, poor governance, inadequate education and ineffective human resource base are some of the factors that have posed a threat to the national and regional food securities in the developed countries. The farm policies mainly from the industrialized countries have had a negative agricultural impact on the developed countries.
The industrial nations have imposed high and tough barriers that do not favor the developed countries especially on the agricultural products that are to compete with the domestic sectors. The competitions posed by the subsidized exports and the provision of food aids that are based on clearance of the domestic market products coupled up with the unstable price tags on food products for the temperate zones by the industrialized developed nations have not spared the developing nations either (UN, 2010). The increase in population and the change in the environmental conditions, the developed nations need to take a bold step in ensuring the countries have food security.
The developing nations will witness the adoption of new technological advances in the agricultural sector to have them generate enough food products and a reasonable fee for the world market. The developed nations are projected to impose pressure on the developed nations to develop new food and farm policies that are compatible with the food security. The policies that govern the trade rules are to be adjusted to eliminate the existing conflict between the food security and the industrialized country policies.
This is to ensure that enough food is available and in sufficient quantities to meet the increasing population’s food needs. International Food Policy Research Institute (2002) maintains that, food security refers to a situation where all individuals at all times have economical and physical access to safe, nutritious and sufficient foods to effectively meet both their food preferences and dietary requirements for a healthy life. Food security is based on three pillars; food access, availability and use. Achievement of food security has been a great challenge to the developing and developed countries (UN 2010).
The essay will quest to compare and contrast the food insecurity in the developing and developed world. This will be done in reference to the specific factors and evidence that impact on the food security. Developed country refers to those countries that have achieved a degree of industrialization in relation to their population while developing country refers to a country that has a low level when it comes to material well-being. The country has not achieved a degree of industrialization in relation to a country’s population (UN 2010).
These countries are believed to have a large physical capital stock and where its people undertake highly activities that are highly specialized. People in these countries are thought to have high living standards. The developing countries as classified by the World Bank are those whose GNP per capita income is low and are less industrialized. In developing countries, especially in Africa and Asia continents, there are factors that have threatened food security and these includes; political and social instabilities, civil and war strive, economic imbalance in natural resources, trade, gender inequality, poor health, natural disasters, poverty, poor governance, inadequate education and ineffective human resource base.