The Origin of Racism in Australia, Its Development, How British Colonization Affected Racism in Australia – Essay Example

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The paper “ The Origin of Racism in Australia, Its Development, How British Colonization Affected Racism in Australia” is an  intriguing example of an essay on sociology. Racism is not about racist attitudes and ideas alone, rather it is a phenomenon that is more materialistic and continuous. The foundation for a system of racial discrimination is recognized and carried over from generation to generation. Case in point of Australia, the foundation was the growth of the private land. The increasing importance of pastoral welfare at the beginning of 1800, the consistent social behavior of racial discrimination started cropping up.

By then land was the most endorsed form of wealth when the colonialist took it from the Aboriginal it was the foundation of capitalism and formation of the colonial bourgeoisie who formed racial ideas about the Aboriginal people all over the continent of Australia (McAllister & Moore, 1989) British captured Australia in 1770 and they settled with no consideration of the indigenous people’ s position or ownership rights. They never signed any treaty like the other Anglophone colonies that included Canada, New Zealand and the United States of America.

Presently, the national population stands at 22.4 million people, 2.5% or 550,818 of those who are identified as indigenous. In current Australia, indigenous refers to the descendants Torres Strait Islander or Aboriginal people. The indigenous people preferred the local idiom names like Koori or Murri in Victoria and Queensland consecutively (Dunn, Forrest, Burnley & McDonald, 2004).   This paper will discuss the origin of racism in Australia, its development, how British colonization affected racism in Australia. Life in the twentieth century will be discussed at length and also indigenous political struggles; the paper will discuss how the indigenous people in the society lived and the laws that helped them. Racism in Australia in the 20th centuryAustralia Labor Party leader Kevin Rudd won the federal election on December 3, 2007, this ended the regime of Prime Minister John Howard conservative rule.

In his campaigns, he had promised to reform the indigenous agenda and put an end to the pungent conflicts involving the Australian government and the indigenous people of Australia. On February 13, 2008, during the first session of the Australian parliament, the prime minister made an apology to indigenous people on behalf of the former governments and parliaments for the wrongs they did especially to the Stolen Generation.

These are the numerous children who were detached from their indigenous families under the policies of the previous governments. He (Rudd) also promised that within specific timelines, his government would close the gap between other Australians and the Indigenous. The stolen generation was a major issue in recent political and social arenas. This distressing activity took place through two centuries and had a great impact and still rings in the minds of the Aboriginal communities all over Australia.

Children were used as tools for churches, educational organizations, governments and missionary groups for them to command the indigenous residents. There was forceful removal of children especially those who were acknowledged to be Aboriginal half casts. This was considered essential to ‘ save’ the non-Aboriginal tradition and also encourage absorption but through this process, there was breeding extermination of the race (HEROC, 1997). The gap created a huge difference in the lives of the other Australians and Indigenous people which has brought shame to the Australian governments and the wider population.

There has been a gap in the life expectancy between the non- Indigenous and the indigenous Australians of seventeen years but the government of the day has adjusted the statics to eleven years but still remains an indicator of the marginalization and poverty experienced by most of the indigenous people in addition to the hard times that they encounter to access health services. There also exist other crucial gaps for example, of the indigenous students, only 47% complete their high school as compared to overall 87% of countrywide average; the rate at which the indigenous youth get imprisoned is seventeen times more the countrywide average; there is four times unemployment rate among the indigenous people at the countrywide level (HEROC, 1997).

References

Barker, M. (1981). The New Racism: Conservatives and the Ideology of the Tribe. Junction Books: London.

Dunn, K.M., Forrest, J., Burnley, I. & McDonald, A. (2004). ‘Constructing racism in Australia’, Australian Journal of Social Issues, 39(4), p. 409-430

Gilroy, P. (1987). There Ain't No Black in the Union Jack: The Cultural Politics of Race and Nation. Hutchinson: London.

Hollinsworth, D. (1998). Race and Racism in Australia.2nd ed, Katoomba Social Science Press.

Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HEROC). (1997). Bringing them home: National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from their Families. Canberra. Australian Government Publishing Service (AGPS).

Jayasuriya, L. (2002). ‘Understanding Australian Racism’, Australian Universities Review, 45 (1), p. 40-44.

Langton, M. 1981. Urbanizing Aborigines, the Social Scientists’ Great Deception. Social Alternatives, 2(2), p. 34-67.

McAllister, I. & Moore, R. (1989). Ethnic Prejudice in Australian Society: Patterns, Intensity, and Explanations. Office of Multicultural Affairs: Canberra.

Phillips, T. (1998). ‘popular views about Australian identity: research and analysis’. Journal of Sociology, 34, p. 281-302.

Wieviorka, M. (1995). The Arena of Racism. Sage: London.

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